Ischaemic stroke, which is caused by a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel or artery in the brain. Haemorrhagic, which is caused by a blood vessel that bursts or bleeds into the brain. Transient Iischaemic Attack "mini-stroke" which is caused by a tiny blood clot that temporarily blocks the blood flow. The affected part of the brain is without oxygen for just a few minutes and produces stroke-like
Stroke 1 Running Head: Stroke Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) Christen Hall P. G. Community College April 2, 2008 Stroke 2 Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the medical term that is used for stroke or “brain attack”. A Cerebrovacular accident refers to the injury to the brain that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain tissue is interrupted by a clogged artery, causing brain tissue causing brain tissue to die, because of the lack of nutrients and oxygen (Yatsu, 2002). It is also a sudden death of brain cells in a localized area
The cause of brain cells dying and deterioration of the connectors is not fully known yet. • Vascular dementia is caused by deprivation of oxygenated blood to the brain. Oxygenated blood is carried around the body by arteries and deoxygenated blood is carried through our body in veins. These arteries and veins make our vascular system. When the organ in our body is deprived of oxygenated blood that organ or part of it will die.
As the disease progresses, it spreads and affects cells in other parts of the brain. The cause of the brain cells dying and the deterioration of the connectors is not fully known.Vascular dementia: is a form of dementia caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. Oxygenated blood is carried through the body and brain through arteries – deoxygenated is carried through veins. Arteries and veins make up part of the vascular system. When an organ is the body is deprived of blood, that organ (or part of it) will die.
Compartment Syndrome ` Compartment syndrome is defined as an elevated pressure of tissue fluid in a closed osseofascial compartment of a limb that interferes with the circulation to the muscles and nerves of that compartment (Baxter and Rorrabeck, 1990). In 1909, Thomas reviewed the medical literature and noted the association of compartment syndrome with number of medical and surgical conditions including fractures, arterial injuries, embolus and external compression (peter, 2001). Brooks in 1922 through the precipitating event to be acute venous obstruction resulting in swelling and diminished tissue perfusion. During and shortly after World War II, a number of high velocity gunshots wounds with associated long bone fracture and arterial injury were noted to have developed acute compartment syndrome. The cause of compartment syndrome was thought to be acute arterial spasm, and attention was drowning toward relieving the arterial spasm rather than fasciotomy itself (Whittle, 2001).
A heart attack may be a sudden episode. However, the condition that leads to an attack, coronary heart disease, develops over a long period of time. Often, the symptoms of heart attack are confused with those of indigestion. Signs of a heart attack include uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or pain in the center of the chest, and sometimes in the arms and shoulders, lasting for two minutes or more. Sweating, dizziness, nausea, fainting, or shortness of breath may also occur.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus commonly known as (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of the body’s tissues. This autoimmune disease commonly involves complications or failure of the Heart, Kidney, Skin, Blood, ,Joints ,and Lungs. You may be wondering what an autoimmune disease is, it’s an illness that occurs when your body is being attacked by your very own immune system. SLE effects everyone in different ways. this form of lupus can cause payralization If lupus attacks the brain, it may cause seizures, leading to stroke-like paralysis and worse.
Multiple sclerosis Multiple sclerosis This booklet includes- The symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis The impact of Multiple Sclerosis The signs of Multiple Sclerosis What is multiple Sclerosis? Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the brain and the spine, eventually it ends in not being able to control muscles, loss of vision, not being able to balance, and numbness. When you suffer from multiple sclerosis the brain and spine are damaged by the immune system, this is known as an autoimmune disease. The symptoms- The symptoms affect every person differently, they vary on how much damage has been done to the nerves. Some symptoms include: -visual Problems: the visual problems are one of the first to occur normally.
DEFINITION/ETIOLOGY: The most common cause of heart failure is coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Hear failure can also occur when an infection weakens the heart muscles, this disorder is called cardiomyopathy. Other heart problems that may cause heart failure include: Congenital heart disease, Heart attack, heart valve disease, and some types of abnormal heart rhythms. Diseases such as emphysema, severe anemia, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism may also cause or contribute to heart failure Systolic heart failure means that your heart muscle cannot pump, or eject the blood out of the heart very well. Diastolic heart failure means that your hearts pumping chamber does not fill up with blood.
You need to be vigilant when they are moving independently or being transferred from a vehicle to a mobility aid. Heart Attack - A heart attack occurs when blood flow to part of the heart is blocked, often by a blood clot, causing damage to the affected muscle Stroke - A stroke can have a devastating effect on somebody. It may leave a person with no long-term effects, with a permanent weakness down one side of their body or, at worst, in a deep coma from which they never recover. When moving and handling people who have suffered from a stroke, you will need to be aware of the extent of the stroke and what parts of the body have been affected. Aii) An outline of the procedure to follow if an accident or sudden illness should occur: Assess the situation and environment, if the casualty is clearly conscious, talk to them and find out how they are.