Essay On Congestive Heart Failure

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DEFINITION/ETIOLOGY: The most common cause of heart failure is coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Hear failure can also occur when an infection weakens the heart muscles, this disorder is called cardiomyopathy. Other heart problems that may cause heart failure include: Congenital heart disease, Heart attack, heart valve disease, and some types of abnormal heart rhythms. Diseases such as emphysema, severe anemia, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism may also cause or contribute to heart failure Systolic heart failure means that your heart muscle cannot pump, or eject the blood out of the heart very well. Diastolic heart failure means that your hearts pumping chamber does not fill up with blood. Congestive heart failure is a…show more content…
For diagnosis through medical history the doctor will ask types of symptoms, when they occur, for how long the client has had them and the severity. The doctors physical examination will include listening to the heart for abnormal sounds, listening to the lungs for build up of fluid, checking for swelling in the ankles, feet, legs and abdomen and checking for swelling in the veins of the neck. Testing that may be done include an EKG which is used to measure the rate and regularity of the heartbeat. It may also show any thickening of the walls of the pumping chambers of the heart. A chest x-ray can show if the heart is enlarged, there is fluid in the lungs, or lung disease. A BNP blood test can check the level of a hormone called BNP that rises when heart failure is present. Other tests that can be performed include Echocardiogram, Holter monitor, Cardiac blood pool scan, Cardiac catheterization, coronary angiography, stress test and thyroid function

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