INTRODUCTION Stroke or brain attack is the sudden loss of neurological function caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. Stroke is the third leading cause of death. There are two type of stroke commonly affected among people. A. Ischemic Stroke - Is the most common type affecting individuals - Lack of blood supply to the brain can be caused by thrombosis or embolism. It also may due to a hemorrhage.
Stroke Awareness Health Assessment The self-risk assessment I chose to complete was about strokes. A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is temporarily interrupted or disturbed. Being that the brain requires a constant flow of oxygen any interruptions could prove to be fatal. The two types of strokes are Ischemic or hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke is typically caused by excess buildup of plague on the blood vessel walls that narrows blood flow dramatically.
Case Study #6 Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) Unit 4 Capstone Project: Cerebral Vascular Accident May 13, 2014 Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) is also known as a stroke or brain attack. It is the loss of a brain function due to a disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This may occur from a blockage due to clots, a ruptured vessel, or a hemorrhage. A Cerebral Vascular Accident can happen to anyone at any time. The symptoms of a Cerebral Vascular Accident typically start sudden, in seconds to minutes and in most cases do not progress further.
In this assignment I will be explaining and in detail looking into factors that have affected the health of the public and how this will continue to have an impact on health and how major events have changed the public’s opinions on these factors. Patterns of ill Health P.3 A stroke means that the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly cut off. The brain cells need a constant supply of oxygen from the blood. Soon after the blood supply is cut off, the cells in the affected area of brain become damaged, or die. A stroke is sometimes called a brain attack.
Without a blood supply, the affected skin becomes starved of oxygen and nutrients and begins to break down, leading to an ulcer forming. Pressure ulcers tend to affect people with health conditions that make it difficult to move, especially those confined to lying in a bed or sitting for prolonged periods of time. Conditions that affect the flow of blood through the body, such as type 2 diabetes, can also make a person more vulnerable to pressure ulcers. Learn more about the causes of pressure ulcers. Who is affected?
Panic attacks could be associated with other cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension. Alternatively, anxiety could contribute to adverse cardiovascular effects, such as coronary artery spasm, tendency toward increased blood clotting or disturbances in heart rhythm. "These results suggest that panic anxiety is a marker for increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among postmenopausal women," the authors conclude. "Future studies are needed to clarify the causal connection, if any, between panic attacks and cardiovascular events. Our results imply, however, that older women with a recent history of panic attacks represent a subgroup at elevated risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in whom careful monitoring and cardiovascular risk reduction may be particularly important."
If the surface of the plaques break or rupture, blood cells, called platelets will clump or clot at that site to try and repair the artery. The clot or clump can block the artery which can lead to heart attack. There are several risk factors associated with CAD and could possibly build up on each other and make CAD an even greater risk. First, Men have a greater risk of CAD than women, although women’s risk of getting CAD increase after they go through menopause. As you get older, your age increases the risk of narrowed and damaged arteries, which of course leads to CAD.
In addition to this, the connections between affected nerve cells deteriorate. As the disease progresses, it spreads and affects cells in other parts of the brain. Day to day memory problems are first noticed but other symptoms include not knowing the right words anymore, problem solving, decision making or 3 dimensional perception. * Vascular dementia is caused when the brain is deprived of oxygen. This happens when the arteries which carry oxygenated blood to the brain can't get there and the brain, or part of it, dies.
Coronary heart disease is a condition in which blood to the heart is deficient because of a narrowing or constricting of the cardiac vessels that supply it. This is due to atherosclerosis (cite text). Atherosclerosis is when fatty deposits known as plaque formation, begin to accumulate to reduce the size of the passageway of the large arteries (cite). Atherosclerosis can also reduce the blood flow which may result in angina pectoris. With angina comes shortness of breath and pain from beneath the breastbone, in the neck, and down the left arm.
Alzheimer's disease affects the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss, resulting in a decreased brain size. As a result, behavior, memory and thinking are affected. Vascular dementia is caused by blockages and breaches in the brain's blood supply that damage the brain and can be caused by any condition which results in an interruption to the blood flow to the brain, and as well as strokes, this could include diseased arteries, heart attacks, high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, diabetes, furred arteries and irregular heart rhythms. Any condition causing damage to the circulation of blood to the brain carries a risk to mental functioning. People experiencing vascular dementia will, like those with Alzheimer’s disease, have problems with learning, remembering, recognition, planning and problem solving.