Coronary heart disease is the narrowing of the small blood vessels which supply blood and oxygen to the heart. CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries in your heart. Fatty material and other substances form plaque buildup in your arteries
Here are some of the adverse effects associated with anabolic steroid use. In the Cardiovascular system the lipid profile changes, your blood pressure elevates, and you get a decreased myocardial function. The effects on the Endocrine system include Gynecomastia, decrease sperm count, testicular atrophy, and impotence and transient infertility. Dermatological issues include acne and even male pattern baldness. In the Hepatic system you have an increased risk of liver tumors and liver damage.
An LHD-1 level a phenomenon known as ‘flipped LDH’, Is strongly indicative of a Heart attack. 6. What pathophysiology occurs during a myocardial Infarction? Include all four processes. Most Myocardial Infarctions are caused by a disruption in the vascular endothelium associated with an unstable atherosclerotic
When the ductus arteriosus refuses to close, the oxygenated blood in the aortic arch passes into the left branch of the pulmonary artery and produces pulmonary hypertension. B. Draw a diagram outlining blood flow related to this clinical complication. C. Be prepared to discuss complications and treatments of this clinical conditional. In infants, complications that may occur are risks of developing heart failure, pulmonary artery hypertension, or infective endocarditis, which is an infection of the inner lining of the heart.
coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease is when our hearts blood supply is blocked by a build-up of fatty substances in the arteries. Over a period of time our arteries can become blocked by fats. Our arteries will then become narrow causing the amount of blood flow to our heart to be restricted. This can result in angina (chest pains). However if he arteries become completely blocked it can cause a heart attack.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive Heart Failure or CHF is a severe circulatory congestion due to decreased myocardial contractility, which results in the heart’s inability to pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s needs. In general, causes can be classified according to the following: a. Volume overload may cause the right ventricle to hypertrophy to compensate for added volume. b. Pressure overload usually results from an obstructive lesion, such as COA c. Decrease contractility can result from problems such as sever anemia, asphyxia, heart block and acidemia.
This can bring about shortness of breath, leg swelling (called edema), and different issues. Furthermore, organs in your body may not get the oxygen and supplements they have to work legitimately. Heart failure is a perpetual (progressing) condition that creates after some time. It is typically created by fundamental conditions, for example, hypertension or coronary illness. These conditions harm your heart, making the heart muscle hardened or thick.
There are various types of heart diseases and the most common one is CAD. CAD is blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that provide blood to the heart. Much of the CAD individual experience is caused by atherosclerosis, which is also known as hardening of the arteries. CAD can develop slowly and take decades before it produces symptoms, or it can come on suddenly. Left untreated, it can lead to angina or acute myocardial infarction.
This occurs when the heart becomes weakened and enlarged, and congestive heart failure follow quickly. The signs and symptoms are left and right heart failure, the autopsy signs would include central hemorrhagic necrosis in the liver. Hypertrophic is the other one which is just as our skeletal muscles hypertrophy in response to increased demand, cardiac muscle undergoes hypertrophy when placed under a high workload for a prolonged period of time. Pathologic hypertrophy is a result of disease that place increased demand on the heart, such as chronic hypertension, valvular damage, and myocardial infarction. The left ventricular hypertrophy is the most common type of hypertrophic heart disease.
The coronary arteries supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. The build-up of plaque narrows the coronary artery and blocks the blood supply to the heart muscle. When the blood flow decreases it causes a chest pain called angina and when the blood flow is completely cut off, it causes a heart attack.11(Ref: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute).The most common risk factors include: smoking, diabetes, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity and high cholesterol. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the high pressure of blood against artery walls which can lead to serious health conditions such as CHD10 (Ref:Mayo Clinic Staff). Smoking narrows and causes blood clots in the arteries2 (Ref:Beckerman,J).