Atherosclerosis The major underlying cause of cardiovascular disease has been associated with atherosclerosis. This is the buildup of fatty deposits within the walls of arteries that restricts the flow of blood. Ultimately, the arteries may get blocked affecting the heart, brain and other parts of the body. This disease can begin in childhood. The linings of the arteries becomes thickened by fatty deposits called plaque.
Coronary Artery Diseases Ridhi Joshi HS200-03 Unit 2 Capstone Project: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Kaplan University November 19, 2013 Abstract Lets examine the case study of Eric who is 47-year-old male who has just been diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). He is a construction worker and spends a great deal of time away from his wife and three children. Eric smokes approximately 1 1⁄2 packs of cigarettes a day and enjoys drinking a 6-pack after a long day at work. Cardiovascular disease has been described as a ‘modern epidemic’ preventable cause of death in the United States of America. There are various types of heart diseases and the most common one is CAD.
His last hemoglobin A1C was 6.1 %. Recent blood work showed she has hyperlipidemia LDL 169 mg/dL and triglycerides of 211 mg/dL. Because the results of his blood work, her doctor recently started him on Zocar. The patient states that he does smoke at least a half a pack a day and is trying to quit. On examination, the right lower leg is cooler to the touch in comparison to the left leg.
CAD is usually due to atherosclerosis, which is a formation of plaque on the artery walls, causing them to narrow. Plaque is made up of cholesterol and fatty deposits that collect over time in the wall of a coronary artery. As the plaque narrows the lumen of the coronary artery, it makes it difficult for adequate quantities of blood to flow to the heart. Initially, the reduction of blood flow may not produce any symptoms. However, a gradual reduction of blood flow can cause angina and shortness of breath.
Cystic Fibrosis Summary Cystic fibrosis is an inherited chronic disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. Cystic fibrosis is due to a mutation in the cystic fibrosis gene on chromosome 7. The cystic fibrosis gene encodes a protein known as the cystic fibrosis trans membrane regulator (CFTR). The abnormal CFTR protein in patients with cystic fibrosis leads to disruption of chloride channels on the cells. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the production of abnormal mucus that is excessively thick and sticky.
Maintaining a person’s own weight through diet is proven to help prevent the risk of this cancer. There are also risks that can sometimes not be prevented. Acid reflux is one of those risks. Acid reflux is when the acid from the stomach has an abnormal backward flow into the esophagus. This happened to be the reason my girlfriend’s dad had been diagnosed with this cancer.
Unit 21 P3, M2 Group 4 Influences on dietary intake In this assignment I will be explaining various factors that can influence an individual’s dietary intake and how it can affect their health. It is important that individuals eat a healthy diet, and include all the vital nutrients both macro and micro. Sometimes it can be very difficult when we have to stay away from particular foods to make sure that we eat a balanced diet. Some people have likes and dislikes in food and tend to eat the food they like and this can cause many problems on their health. For instance if someone eats a lot of fatty foods like Kentucky fried chicken (KFC), they are putting themselves at risk of becoming obese or even developing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes it is very important for a person that has diabetes has a healthy diet if it is not controlled properly it can lead to some very serious complications such as, blindness, kidney failure, strokes, and gangrene leading to amputation of lower limbs.
If an individual has family history of diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, or if the patient is obese, doctors recommend that patients get screened for Type 2 Diabetes. Once diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, the individual must change their way of life, this could mean the patient must eat healthier and exercise. If the individual is prescribed medication it is very important that they follow directions given by the doctor at all times and take the medications as directed. Having a simple blood work by your doctor, as well as diet and exercise is the best way to avoid Type 2 Diabetes or at least keep it under
The obesity in childhood is also related to poor eating habits, lack of exercise, family history of obesity, medical illness, and depression or other emotional problems. Obesity can also end in serious health issues that can be hard to treat. Obesity and cardiovascular disease is in a close relation. The excess fat that circulates the blood that turns into plaque. The plaque accumulates around an artery to block the flow of blood.
Of course, you have to exercise and make sure that you are eating enough calories for your weight. Eating the recommended amount of servings from each of the basic food groups is best. Having a diet that's high in calories, eating fast food, skipping breakfast, eating most of your calories at night, drinking high-calorie beverages and eating oversized portions, which has become a fashion for many Americans, all contribute to weight gain. Not only does it contribute to weight gain, but it also contributes to health problems such as high cholesterol and clogged arteries; both could lead to a stroke, heart attack, and death if it is bad