His initial medical diagnosis is heart failure (HF). Bert is immediately admitted to the acute care facility for further evaluation and treatment. Heart failure is called cardiac failure, pump failure, or congestive heart failure (CHF). It is defined as the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to meet the tissue's oxygen demands. Risk Factors Heart failure occurs most commonly in clients over the age of 60, and occurs more commonly in males than females.
The most common type of cirrhosis worldwide is postnecrotic cirrhosis which is the result of massive necrosis caused by hepatotoxins such as viral hepatitis. Biliary cirrhosis is caused by inflammation resulting in biliary obstruction in the liver and common bile ducts. Laennec's cirrhosis is primarily the result of changes in the liver due to alcoholism and malnutrition. Only alcoholics get cirrhosis. INCORRECT The most common type of cirrhosis worldwide is actually the result of hepatotoxins, such as viral hepatitis, which cause massive liver necrosis.
CORRECT The carotid artery (artery to the brain) is narrowed in clients with a brain attack (stroke). A bruit is an abnormal sound heard on auscultation resulting from interference with normal blood flow. B) Elevated blood pressure. CORRECT When a client has a brain attack (stroke), the blood pressure will often respond by going up. Increased BP is a sign of increased intracranial pressure.
B Rationale: Hypertension is a primary cause of heart failure because the increase in ventricular afterload leads to ventricular hypertrophy and dilation. Hypertensive crisis may precipitate acute heart failure is some patients, but this patient with stage 1 hypertension may not be concerned about a crisis that happens only to some patients. Hypertension does not directly cause rheumatic heart disease (which is precipitated by infection with group A -hemolytic streptococcus) or papillary muscle rupture (which is caused by myocardial infarction/necrosis of the papillary muscle). Cognitive Level: Application Text Reference: p. 822 Nursing Process: Planning NCLEX: Health Promotion and
Patricia Long 6/23/15 Anatomy 1 My patient Rafael Hill was diagnosed with hypertension at the age of 63. Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a condition in which the force of blood against the artery walls is too high. An artery is a vessel that carries blood away from the heart and toward other tissues and organs. This means that when your heart is pumping blood you have blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as well. Your heart is now working harder to try and pump blood in your body.
A stroke is sometimes called a “brain attack” and is the result from a sudden loss of blood to the brain or blockage of blood vessel to the brain, which sometimes may be permanent or temporary. There are two types of strokes, thrombotic and hemorrhagic. The thrombotic stroke is when one vessel that feeds the brain is blocked. The hemorrhagic stroke is when one vessel in brain breaks open. Aneurysms are the most common of the hemorrhagic strokes.
Rapid and irregular heart rates may be perceived as palpitations, exercise intolerance, and occasionally produce angina (if the rate is faster and puts the heart under strain) and congestive symptoms of shortness of breath or edema. Sometimes the arrhythmia will be identified only with the onset of a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). It is not uncommon for a patient to first become aware of AF from a routine physical examination or ECG, as it may be asymptomatic in many cases.  As most cases of atrial fibrillation are secondary to other medical problems, the presence of chest pain or angina, symptoms of hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland) such as weight loss and diarrhea, and symptoms suggestive of lung disease would indicate an underlying cause. A history of stroke or TIA, as well as hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, heart failure and rheumatic fever, may indicate whether someone with AF is at a higher risk of
The extra fluids build up in the legs, lungs, liver and around the eyes. This condition is known as congestive heart failure (CHF). Cardiomyopathy is an acquired or inherited condition of the heart muscles. The heart muscles become thicker or enlarged thus decreasing the ability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body (American Heart Association, 2013). In this paper the writer describes the best approach to care for Mr. P, who is hospitalized with
Right heart failure occurs when the right ventricle cannot adequately pump blood to the lungs. Blood and fluid may back up in the veins that deliver blood to the heart. This can cause fluid to leak into tissues and organs. It is important to know that both sides of the heart may fail to function adequately at the same time and this is called biventricular heart failure. This often occurs since the most common cause of right heart failure is left heart failure Next we are going to understand what hear failure is.