However source 16 states that the British themselves were reluctant to grant India independence. When the British PM, Neville Chamberlain, declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, the Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow, followed him. He was acting just within the limits of his legal powers to do this without consulting any Indians. This indicated that Britain was still behaving as a master and called into question any of its previous concessions. This furthered the Indian’s desire for independence but they were still faced with the challenges of overcoming the divisions within India.
The British Foreign Policy in the years 1937-1939 was a disaster. The policy in which they had used may have appeared a triumph at the time in 1937-39 however it is clear that it was a major disaster and it had failed to achieve its goal of securing peace across Europe with the start of the 2nd World War in 1939. The British Foreign Policy’s main cause for disaster was the idea of Appeasement. This policy in which a country would give in to the demands of an opposing aggressive leader in order to avoid any chance of war happening. This is exactly what Britain decided to do in order to deal with Adolf Hitler’s demands of taking back Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia.
The feeling swept especially throughout Britain that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh, and Germany should be able to make some amendments to its more extreme elements. The British were not willing to go to war, nor prepared. However Appeasement regardless of the reason failed as it only encouraged Hitler. The result of the appeasement policy was that Britain and France did nothing more than diplomatically protest when Hitler violated the peace treaty. Hitler then announced to the world he was following a policy of re armnent in March 1935 by largely increased military manpower though conscription and announcing the creation of the Luftwaffe of 2500 planes.
Yes, Hitler's aggressive foreign policy between 1933 and 1939 inevitably led to WWII. While other factors such as appeasement and the failure of the League of Nations might have encouraged Hitler to test the boundaries and to slowly bring about the start of the war, it was his foreign policy that was the root cause of the problem, as it triggered his motivation to expand German territory and thus angering Britain and France, both eventually declaring war on Germany. Hitler had stated in Mein Kampf, as early as, in 1924, that he wished to expand German territory, and his foreign policy was centered on that. Hitler also resented the Treaty of Versailles and he began to challenge its terms and slowly went about its destruction; this too contributed to the start of the war. The first step of Hitler’s foreign policy was to remove the limitations, which had been placed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles.
! After the First World War, unlike some other nations that were prepared to fight another major war, Britain had an aftermath of the war. Britain was struggling with economy as they met the economic depression; they were still on the stage of recovering. Also as the Americans were insisting on maintaining their isolationism, which they were willing to be isolated from the European countries’ conflicts, this eliminated any other possibilities and chance for the British to earn loans. Moreover, as Britain was one of the major power of the WWI, the effects on both of their men and arms were not recovered from the WWI.
They also had guarantees of support from Britain and France. Hitler had initiated a crisis throughout Europe; there was a genuine fear that a war was coming. Chamberlain attempted to resolve the crisis by meeting with Hitler. Britain, France and Italy decided to agree to Hitler and give Germany the Sudetenland; this was known as the Munich conference. The three powers did not consult with Benes and the Czechs, nor with Russia.
Abstract After War World I, the allied forces of Europe sought to usher in an era of peace by sanctioning Germany and reconciling the European nations. The Treaty of Versailles was created for this cause, however, Britain’s appeasement policies only served to strengthen Germany’s quest for lost territories and military rearmament. In the end, Adolf Hitler manipulated British appeasement policies which only served in aiding his rise to power. Hitler would go on to lead Europe and the United States into World War II. Treaty of Versailles The end of World War I was officially marked by the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles by the ‘Big Three’ world powers on June 28th, 1919.
German Appeal to Americans The question of who was the primary culprit of the First World War is still in debate today. At the end of the war, treaty of Versailles was signed and concluded that Germany has sole responsibility for causing the war along with many harsh punishments for Germany. The cause of this harsh treaty can be traced back to the very beginning of the war. The early invasion of Belgium has not only cost German its humane and peaceful reputation but also caused a defeat of the propaganda war. In order to minimize the damage of Germany’s reputation after the invasion, Germany wrote an appeal to the neutral United States explaining the reason of its entrance to the war.
Advanced Higher History Dissertation How important was the RAF victory in the Battle of Britain in preventing a German invasion in 1940? “Since England, despite of her hopeless military situation, shows no signs of being ready to come to an understanding, I have decided to prepare a landing operation against England, and, if necessary, to carry it out. The aim of this operation will be to eliminate the English homeland as a base for the prosecution of the war against Germany and, if necessary, to occupy it completely.” The Führer and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces Directive 16 16 Jul 1940 Contents Introduction 3 The Battle of Britain 4 The RAF Victory 8 The Invasion of Britain? 13 Other Factors 14 Conclusion 17 Bibliography 18 Introduction Britain’s victory in ‘The Battle of Britain’ is arguably the most decisive incident of the Second World War. Our victory could be claimed to have prevented an invasion of Britain in the summer or autumn of 1940 and the subsequent defeat of the Western allies, also it was the first time Hitler’s mighty Luftwaffe had been defeated.
Although Truman’s actions and the new ‘policies’ that he introduced were a major factor to the deterioration of America-Soviet relations, it is important to understand the pre-1945 factors that affected these relations. After World War I, European countries adopted an appeasement ideology: The world was horrified by what the war had done to Europe, and a war like that must never happen again, so peace must be protected at all costs. This led to many attempts to preserve peace in Europe, which ultimately failed as Germany invaded Poland and the world realized that another war was about to begin. However, one of the last agreements that the western countries signed with the Nazis might have been the start of the bad Soviet relations with these countries: the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further.