King Leonidas Leonidas was the king of Sparta at one time. He is most famous for leading the three hundred Spartans against the Persian army. He lived in the Peloponnesus and the city state of Sparta. Leonidas had a major impact in his time; he led troops to eliminate Persians to defend Sparta. Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome.
In three hundred and thirty five B.C (335 B.C), as general of the Greeks in a campaign against the Persians originally planned by his father, he carried out a successful campaign against the defecting Thracians, penetrating to the Danube River. When he returned, he defeated the Illyrians in a single week. In Thebes, he spared only the temples of the gods and the house of the Greek lyric poet Pindar. The eight
Alexander the Great (r. 336-323) assumed the Macedonian throne after Phillip II of Macedonia fell victim to an assassin’s dagger. This young man, one of the most remarkable personalities of western civilization, was to have profound impact on history. He was able to maintain the enormous territory that he had conquered. The impact this had on the culture was huge. By overthrowing the Persian Empire and by spreading Hellenism, Greek culture, language, thought, and way of life, as far as India, Alexander was instrumental in creating a new Hellenistic era.
It was Cesar who changed Roman Government drastically. Cesar also gained much of what is now the Roman Empire and proved himself as a great Warrior. Cesar learned to be a leader at the young age of 16 when his father died. “His father had reached the office of Praetor prior to his death, the office just below Consul, and at least helped set the stage for the Caesar line to return to the highest order”(Heaton). Then there is Alexander the Great.
The Spartan Army to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC | 2013 HSC Ancient History Assessment Task 1 | The composition, training, tactics, armour, strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan army and one significant Spartan battle | | Duncan Burgess Duncan Burgess The Spartan state was unique throughout the ancient world. Under the instruction of the mythical lawgiver, Lycurgus, who claimed to have brought the laws from a visit to the Delphic Oracle; the Spartan state became a powerful machine geared largely toward war. All boys born to parents of the citizen class were destined to undergo a tough training system from early childhood to become elite professional warriors. When exactly this dramatic overhaul took place and why is lost in history. Historians have suggested it as a response to growing concerns about the outnumbering helot population revolting.
One of the most famous gods in Greek Literature. The author suggests us that he is respected, and admired by others. An example is when the muses sing about his story and people referred to him as “the father of gods and men’’, and ‘’ how he is the best of gods and greatest in power’’.  Zeus had fate in his favor since he was a baby. His grandparents Ouranos and Gaia, especially Gaia tried to protect him from the acts of his father Kronos.
If they were wealthy enough they would have to pay for their own arms and armour and then they formed the heavily-armed infantry which drilled and prepared for battle as a unit. The selection of Spartan warriors started before their birth. The Spartans encouraged athletic competition and the victors where held in high esteem. They married the strongest boys with the strongest girls and the fastest boys with the fastest girls in order to bread the best warriors. Infamously, the Spartan elders would inspect new born infants and any found to be imperfect, judged to be weak or deformed, were thrown from a cliff.
Alexander's empire did not hold. The generals who succeeded him lacked his vision, and they spent the remainder of their careers fighting over the spoils of his conquests. Seleucus gained control over Persia, Mesopotamia, and Syria, where an empire under his name would rule for many years, and Ptolemy established a dynasty of even longer standing in Egypt. His descendants ruled until 30 B.C, when the last of his line, Cleopatra was defeated by a new and even bigger empire,
In the Odyssey, Odysseus is the leading Greek hero. He is King of Ithica, son of Laertes and Anticlea. Odysseus is also the husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. Odysseus was sent to fight in the Trojan War in Troy by Menelaus. He spent many years fighting there and finally defeated them with the “wooden horse.” After the war, he set sail to return to his island, Ithica.
General Hannibal Hannibal or Hannibal Barca was the leader of the military forces of Carthage that fought against Rome in the Second Punic War. Hannibal, who almost overpowered Rome, was considered Rome's greatest enemy. Hannibal was born in Carthage 247 b.c destined by his father to succeed him in the work of vengeance against Rome, he was taken to Spain, and while yet a boy he gave ample evidence of his military aptitude. Hannibal's first main victory against Rome was military success, in Saguntum, in Spain, precipitated the Second Punic War. During this war, Hannibal led the forces of Carthage across the Alps with elephants and achieved surprising military victories.