Octavian’s father had died when he was only young, and Caesar willingly took on the role. Though Caesar had many relatives, his favour fell upon Octavian, whom he elected to the college of pontifices (a religious role of high status), and send to Macedonia to complete his education and his military apprenticeship. Octavian in turn found a role model in Caesar, a fact that would lead his moves as a future ruler of Rome in later years. After Caesar had been assassinated in 44BC, he officially adopted Octavian as his son, and therefore rightful heir, in his will. Octavian was also named to be given three quarters of Caesar’s wealth; however this money was take my Marc Antony, who refused to hand it over to Octavian over his irritation that Caesar had placed favouritism on an obscure relative.
How did the Successor Kings attempt to legitimise their monarchies in the century following the death of Alexander the Great? After the unexpected and youthful death of King Alexander the Great in 323BC, the successor Kings that followed his reign only disjointed the once vast and resilient empire. The immediate successors after Alexander were called the Diadochi, and they were the first generation of military and political leaders after the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror, Alexander the Great in 323 (Botdford and Robinson). The six successors that are mentioned in this essay all took on the monarchy with different ideas, strategies, boundaries and goals. Legitimising their monarchies seemed extremely difficult after Alexander’s death, and after the standard he had set for the successors that followed his legacy.
What was the short term significance of the Battle of Actium on Roman society between 31BC to 11BC? The Battle of Actium was the final battle of the Roman Republic. On September 2nd the forces of Octavian Caesar defeated the combined navies of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. This victory solidified Augustus as the supreme leader of Rome and its subordinate states. In the next twenty years it’s clear to see the effects of Augustus’s victory on Roman society.
By the time Alexander was 18 years old fought with his father, controlling the left wing of the army during the battle at Chaeronea. After the death of his father, Alexander became king of Macedon at the age of 20. Alexander wanted more power than just his own little kingdom of Macedon, he wanted the Persian Empire. In 335 BC Alexander marched his army from the South of the Persian Empire and conquered away. Many cities surrendered when they saw him
Alexander came to be ruler not by vote, but by the assassination of his father, King Philip II, who had been bringing Greece under his control little by little. Alexander the great was born in the ancient capital of Macedonia, Pella, in 356 B.C. Alexander was born into royalty, his father was King Philip II, while his mother was Olympias, the princess of Epirus. During his childhood he was surrounded by military training and battle. He watched his dad battle and win, victory after victory throughout the Balkans.
The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror. His father, Philip of Macedon, had united the Grecian states and was driving back the Persian forces out of Asia Minor. As the pressure mounts, he is assassinated during a festival. Alexander succeeded his father’s leadership and
The film is based on the life of Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, who conquered Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia and part of ancient India. Shown are some of the key moments of Alexander's youth, his invasion of the mighty Persian Empire and his death. It also outlines his early life, including his difficult relationship with his father Philip II of Macedonia, his strained feeling towards his mother Olympias, the unification of the Greek city-states and the two Greek Kingdoms (Macedonia and Epirus) under the Hellenic League, and the conquest of the Persian Empire in 331 BC. It also details his plans to reform his empire and the attempts he made to reach the end of the then known world. The story begins 40 years after 323 BC, around 283 BC, with Ptolemy I Soter, who narrates throughout the film.
Caesar’s military prowess and his reforms crafted him into the extraordinary person that historians all recognize as great. When Caesar created the First Triumvirate alongside Pompey and Crassus, he was allotted the Roman lands of Cisalpine Gaul, Narbonese Gaul, and Illyricum in addition to four legions of about five thousand soldiers each (Source 1). Caesar immediately put his army to use by invading, and eventually conquering all of Gaul. Although his army was physically smaller and often outnumbered, his superior fighting tactics allowed his army to defeat the Celts. Another beneficial factor towards Caesar’s conquest was the disunity of the Gallic tribes, which was reminiscent of the Greek city-states.
Introduction: • Gaius Octavius was born in 63BCE and was the great nephew of Julius Caesar. Caesar took Octavius under his wing, having him elected to the College of Pontiffs and enrolling him in to the Patrician Aristocracy. When Octavius learned Caesar had been assassinated he also found out that Caesar has adopted him and named him his heir. Octavius took on Caesar’s name and became Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius but was known simply as Octavian. • The situation in Rome toward the end of the Republican period was that the country’s senate had lost majority of its power.
In 1481, Mehmed II mysteriously died at the age of 52. It is believed that he was poisoned by his son Bayezid. The Byzantine Empire was the successor state to the Roman Empire, which lasted from the years 330–1453. In the Byzantine Empire the main language spoken was Greek. Constantine was the Emperor who reunited the Empire into one.