Alexander The Great's Influence On The Persian Empire

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Alexander the Great (r. 336-323) assumed the Macedonian throne after Phillip II of Macedonia fell victim to an assassin’s dagger. This young man, one of the most remarkable personalities of western civilization, was to have profound impact on history. He was able to maintain the enormous territory that he had conquered. The impact this had on the culture was huge. By overthrowing the Persian Empire and by spreading Hellenism, Greek culture, language, thought, and way of life, as far as India, Alexander was instrumental in creating a new Hellenistic era. Alexander was able to maintain the enormous territory that he conquered by never stopping or backing down, he continued to push forward no matter what. He was only thirty-two, but in just thirteen years he had created an empire that stretched from his homeland of Macedonia to India. As he plunged deeper into the East conquering lands he founded new cities and military colonies, which scattered Greeks and Macedonians throughout the East. This was how he controlled all the land he conquered. The Cultural impact was that for seventy years after Alexander’s death, Greek immigrants poured into the East. At least 250 new Hellenistic colonies were established. The overall result of Alexander’s settlements and those of his successors was the spread of Hellenism…show more content…
From 330 to 200 B.C.E. numerous Hellenistic cities were established. Yet the creation of these cities posed a serious political problem that the Hellenistic kings failed to solve. To the Greeks civilized life was unthinkable without polis, which was far more than a mere city. The Greek polis simply meant that it was an independent state run by its citizens and free of outside interference. Hellenistic kings refused to grant sovereignty to their cities, which is where they
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