Why Was the Weimar Republic Unpopular in the Years 1919-23?

523 Words3 Pages
The Weimar republic was created in 1919 with the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm ll, it was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost the First World War. Between 1919 and 1923 it had to deal with many problems such as extremists’ attacks, the treaty of Versailles and the reparations crisis. Firstly Germany had no tradition of democracy and had always had strong leaders; Germans weren't ready for democracy and did not agree to it. With Germany suffering very badly because of the war it added onto the hatred the democracy had made. The new government was the body that signed the treaty of Versailles, and to many it was a betrayal and most Germans referred to it as the ‘stab in the back theory’. The consequences of Versailles, such as reparations and land loss, were severe to Germany. Many people were looking for someone to blame and the government was the perfect choice. Communists and the right wing saw an opportunity to create a state that they wanted and were prepared to challenge the new republic. Many richer Germans had lived well under the Kaiser and distrusted the new government. Considering all of these points, it would seem that the collapse of the republic was inevitable. There was also a lack of consensus; there were huge political divisions in the German society. Opinion was polarised with extremists on the left (Spartacists and socialists), and on the right, (nationalists and conservatives) both getting a lot of support. There were many other small political parties. All these parties were in one way or another, a threat to the Weimar republic. Proportional representation meant that the lack of political consensus was reflected closely in elected parties. There were many political parties and frequent changes of government this in turn made it very difficult to establish stability or even get laws passed. There was continuous
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