10th grade Social Studies assignment The failings of the democracy in Germany between 1918 and 1923 Why was the new democratic system in Germany unpopular by 1923, and how was Hitler able to take advantage of that unpopularity? After their defeat in the First World War, Germany and its government faced many harsh consequences which had a great impact on the entire country and its political system. Each consequence created a substantial change in German history which made a chain of events that led to the rein of Adolf Hitler. Because the new democratic system proved to be unsuccessful, the people of Germany blamed their government and after that, things began to get chaotic and everyone suffered. The problems began after the 1st World War, and after the German government signed the papers at the Treaty of Versailles, agreeing to its conditions and punishments, the government was very much resented by the people.
It is accurate to suggest that the Treaty of Versailles was mainly responsible for the political and economic instability in Germany in the years 1919-23. The treaty led to political and economic problems because of the terms included in it. The German government was seen by many to surrender to the dictation of Britain, France and America. Forcing the country to submit a lot of land, losing a huge percentage of their population and having their military force. All of these terms are what led Germany to economic and political instability in the years 1919-23.
However, with widespread political unrest and a crippling economic crisis, was the constitution simply lucky to have survived her infancy years? It is widely believed that the foundations of the Weimar Republic were perilous to the strength of the new government. When the armistice was signed in 1918, the Germany people were shocked and disgraced as they had been led to believe by propaganda that they were winning the war. Ebert had become a hated and disrespected political figure. Not only did the people of Germany feel betrayed by a man of their own country but consequently, had no faith in the new democratic system.
‘The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 to 1923 came from the political violence of the extreme right.’ How far do you agree with this statement? There is a large debate regarding whether or not the main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919-23 came from the extreme right. The end of World War I saw the abdication of the Kaiser (August 28th 1918) and the implementation of the Weimar Republic under Friedrich Ebert, leader of the SPD. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles left Germany crippled financially which led to hyperinflation and a lot of civil unrest to combat. During this time, there were numerous coups from both the right and the left, which threatened the stability of the Weimar Republic.
The Treaty caused humiliation and shock amongst the citizens of the country, much of the political backlash was due to the fact that the Allies were dictating to Germany the harsh terms of the war reparations, which was seen as absurd by many citizens as they did not feel as if they were responsible for starting the war nor did they feel as though they had lost. As Germany had to pay reparations, they were told to issue a blank cheque which allies would cash when it suited them; the figure that was demanded was well
This made Germany angry as they had coal taken from them and there port was weakened so they were not as strong and economy was damaged. Germany also lost all of it colonies. This meant that germanise empire was destroyed. One of those countries was Samoa which was given to New Zealand. Germany was not happy about losing all this land as it made them smaller, it damaged the economy and they lost colonies to make them look stronger and to help them if another war broke out.
How far was Nicholas II responsible for the fall of the Romanovs in 1917? While Nicholas II was a major factor in the fall of the Romanovs there were other reasons such as the removal of the Dumas and him losing the support of the armed forces. Nicholas II became commander in chief of the army during world war one and in doing so left his wife Alexandra to rule the country. The fact that he had let someone so inexperienced take control angered many people due to the Tsar not leaving someone more experienced to rule and also due to her being unpopular as a result of her German nationality. Alexandra appointed Rasputin, who had saved her sons life, as her personal adviser.
On the other hand, the anguished effects of WWI were still enduring in the Germanic collective memory. Many Germans perceived The Versailles Treaty, signed by the Allies in 1919, as a humiliation. The treaty contained a number of heavy impositions to Germany which were socio-economically unbearable to a once great and powerfu l nation. The amount that had to be paid to the Allies as war damage 2 made the Mark lost all its value, causing a hyperinflation so severe that the prices increased by over 100 times in just one year (Bresciani -Turroni, 1968.). The hyperinflation crisis, which was only solved in 1924, lasted enough time to ruin thousands of Germanic families, thus worsening the general feeling of rage against the treaty.
The Great Depression was a severe period of poverty and tragedy. It effected many other countries not just America; especially in Europe, where many countries had not fully recovered from the aftermath of World War I. The cost of World War I weakened the ability of the world to respond to a major crisis. America alone had ten billon dollars of debt from the war. In Germany America’s economic failure contributed to the rise of Adolf Hiltler, so the Stock Market Crash had a domino effect on our country and others.
The Vietnam War affected the lives of Vietnamese in the north in many ways. It affected them by making them hate Americans, living in harsh conditions, and suffering injuries from the war. It made bad memories and problems that last even to this day for the Vietnamese in the north. Not only did the men face these problems but the women as well. North Vietnamese were against the Americans during the war and had multiple reasons in hating Americans.