Account for the Difficulties Encountered by the Weimar Republic in the Early Years 1919-1923

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During the early years of the Weimar Republic they encountered many difficulties. One of the major difficulties that they faced was signing the peace treaty after World War One known as the treaty of Versailles, this treaty lead to resentment from the army, economic hardship as well as the introduction of political extremists from the right and the left. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty drawn up after the war had finished at the Versailles peace conference although Germans were not allowed participation. The loss of territory, war guilt and reparations were some of the major issues Germans found hard to accept. Despite protest by majority of the country the German government agreed to sign the treaty on 28 June 1919. This has really been the worst possible start for the Weimar Republic. The country had already been demoralized due to the war loss and the country is thrown into even more disarray by the signing of this treaty. There was a hatred of the treaty and it cut across all classes in Germany. The treaty created a history of bitterness in German Society. One of the major groups that were bitter about the treaty was the army it created a great level of discontent throughout the ranks. The Weimar Republic was forever associated with the shame of the Treaty. This was a difficulties encountered early on by the Weimar Republic. The reparations that had to be paid were perhaps the most debilitating part of the treaty as it put them through economic hardship and meltdown. The final reparation figure to be paid was 134 billion gold marks to be paid in annual instalments of either money or resources such as coal and iron ore. Although the Weimar was able to able to pay the first instalment when it came time for the second they had to be declared as in default as they did not have enough resources to repay the reparation fee for that year. This led to
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