(Grant and Terry, pp. 509, 2008) Next is a strategic crime analysis, the use of this analysis is to be able to focus on the goals of long-term crime trends of a community. (Grant and Terry, pp. 509, 2008) By using this method of analysis it helps officers to be able to come up with a plan of action to address the problems that they have been facing. (Grant and Terry.
Both of these functions are important for the protection of the public safety and the operation of the system. Adjudication is one primary focuses of the courts today. This means that the courts have to decide who is going to have to answer for a criminal act. If there wasn’t adjudication, prosecutors would be filing charges in vain. Courts play an important part in determine who is and isn’t guilty.
Hence, when we study crime, it is vital to keep in mind that there are differing viewpoints within the field of criminology as to the fundamental nature of the subject matter itself. 2. How can theories help us to understand criminal behavior or to design strategies intended to control such behavior? Theory helps us to understand the world because it provides us with a fundamental pattern, which explains a variety of
Technology has turned into a really important tool in the daily routine for policy officers. This is the reason that police candidates have to be literate in technological advances such as mapping and Comp Stat. This is a technology that maps out the city and shows the areas where most crimes occur. Technology aids police officers in identifying criminals and lookup their criminal records. Legal knowledge is very important for police officers to have an understanding in law like rules of evidence and the fourth amendment that protects individuals from illegal search and seizures.
The prosecution’s job starts the minute they are informed about the criminal act the person is being accused of. They must investigate the violations and work with the law enforcement agencies during the investigation. When they finish the investigation they will then determine
Effectiveness of Current Technology Communication is essential in the criminal justice system and law enforcement professionals must stay abreast of the latest technologies that affect the way he or she performs their job. Current technology allows law enforcement agencies to communicate with one another on a local, state, and federal level. Because there exists specialized databases such as the Automated Fingerprint Identification System, the National Crime Information Center, and others criminals are more easily tracked and apprehended. In this information age, law enforcement is better equipped to identify criminals, share information with other agencies, and use current technology to assist with solving crimes. The State of North Carolina has taken the first steps to ensure law enforcement agencies have the tools needed to aid and assist them in identifying, apprehending, and convicting known criminals.
Police have the authority to make a decision between two or more choices. Ethical issues with regards to law enforcement have been a central part in the development of the structure of the police authorities. Police discretion is a tool used by officers which gives them the ability to utilize the law of the letter or not to enforce it to the letter of the law. Discretion in enforcing offenses allows an officer to interact with people who are making mistakes, and correct those gently restoring order without disrupting the smooth functioning of every ones lives. Discretion also allows an officer the flexibility to accept that everyone makes mistakes.
The crime control model focuses on efficient processing, making many justifiable arrest, and the flexible work of the trained police. The due process model focuses on protecting the rights of the offender. The cases followed procedures
Investigating unsolved inci dents is an important task and still must be done, but criminal investigators should respond system atically to recurring crimes arising from the same problem. In order for criminal investigators to be more efficient and effective, they must gather infor mation about incidents and design an appropriate response based on the nature of the underlying conditions that cause the problem(s). A data-driven analytic approach, led and supported by investiga tors, would best position police