", 2014). Reactive patrol also involves the follow-up investigations required to gain additional information to prosecute. In other words, it consists of police waiting for crime and then going to the scene to try to apprehend the suspect or suspects. As a result, the officer has lowered the crime rate by using undercover operations, asking questions, and the use of other tactics ("What Is Reactive Patrol? ", 2014).
Exact expectancy, timely targeted action and reduce resources for casual patrolling turns into achievable goals. NIJ defines Predictive Policing as “taking data from disparate sources, analyzing them and then using the results to anticipate, prevent and respond more effectively to future crime” This paved way for development of COMPSTAT (Computer Statistics) which used all crime related data as its input to anticipate a crime. (Willis, J., et al, 2004) 2. Describe how COMPSTAT, as an information system (IS), implements the four (4) basic IS functions: Input - Data gathering development which is the building block of COMPSTAT comprises of information compiled from an array of sources like police incidents, arrest reports, suspect debriefing, telephone calls, and field interview reports. Approaching the inputs to Incident Reporting System will help to retain a
* What significant challenges do you think exist with regard to crime reporting? Explain. * How do you think these challenges can be overcome? Explain. Nathan Malbrue Charles Hauber Victimology CJUS280-1403A-01 7/18/2014 PH 2 DB Measuring Crime Victimization This paper will cover sources of reporting crime/arrest data and which I feel is best.
In particular, partnerships between private security and law enforcement are an area ripe for advancing community policing and addressing mutual goals. Cutting-edge technology, information sharing, and personnel resources are just a few of the benefits that private security brings to these partnerships. With more than two million employees, this rapidly growing industry is taking on increasing responsibilities in the field of public safety. Unfortunately, misperception of private security can sometimes be a factor in hindering strong partnerships with law enforcement. The private security field, in fact, is much more diverse than what many may imagine.
Discuss the powers of police in the criminal process. Make reference to the role of discretion in the criminal justice system Police powers, refers to the authority that the law enforcement body has when investigating a crime. The powers that police have include search and seizure, access to information, interrogation, electronic surveillance, medical examinations, detention, fingerprints and photographing. These powers allow police to deepen their investigation and to effectively obtain justice for victims and society. Furthermore, the discretion of police can play a large role in the investigation of criminal offences; however, it can lead to certain individuals in society being targeted.
Information Technology in policing can be used to optimize these five components through (1) analyzing patrol staffing and resource allocation, (2) predicting time and location of future incidents based on previous criminal patterns, (3) identifying suspects/persons-of-interest whom are likely to reoffend, (4) analyzing predation patterns and (5) conducting vulnerability/threat assessments, providing real-time traffic control, predicting increased criminal activity, suggesting best locations for random DUI screenings, et cetera (Pearsall, 2010) (Adams, 2012) (Morgan, Predictive Policing Symposium: Technical Breakout Session, 2012). Random street patrols are most effective in reducing crime when performed by senior officers that are
The ‘broken windows’ hypothesis suggests that maintaining order through the management of minor offenses is an essential function of public police (Wilson & Kelling, 1982). In their article, Wilson and Kelling argue that if minor instances of crime and disorderly behavior are not addressed, more serious forms of disorder and increased levels of crime will follow. “Disorder and crime are usually inextricably linked, in a kind of developmental sequence,” (Wilson & Kelling, 1982). This hypothesis was based on the findings from observations of foot patrol officers managing the occurrences of disorder on their beats, and led the authors to suggest that in order to combat crime, police must refocus their efforts on neighborhood disorder. The concept of ‘broken windows’ is appealing to police departments attempting to reduce crime and restore order in their communities.
Predictive Policing Scott A. Lorenzen Strayer University Abstract What is Predictive Policing? Defined by the National Institute of Justice “Predictive policing is a way to predict, plan, dissuade possible crimes of occurring using current information with advanced analysis applied to the information to assist those in charge of daily security task.” (NIOJ, para 1). As Information Systems becomes more complex by the hour how authentic is or is not the data provided. Predictive Policing Compare and contrast the application of Information Technology (IT) to optimize police departments’ performance to reduce crime versus random patrols of the streets. Today's police have an advantage over their counterparts of the 60's and 70's with the help of the invention of the computer, new processes, and new calculations being processed.
The future may even hold the key to stopping crime altogether. No one really knows what is going to happen in the future. Crime trend analysis is one way that people can continue to monitor the future trends of the law enforcement community. “Crime analysis is the systematic study of crime and disorder problems as well as other police-related issues – including sociodemographic, spatial, and temporal factors – to assist the police in criminal apprehension, crime and disorder reduction, crime prevention, and evaluation” (University of Maryland, n.d., p. 1, para.
Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Brandon Vines CJA/394 Deborah Blanch November 26, 2013 Abstract This paper will evaluate the past, future, and present trends in the interface between components of the criminal justice system and criminal justice connections with surrounding society. In this paper I will also evaluate, identify, and access the following in my paper: Recent and future trends and contemporary issues affecting the criminal justice system, as well as the value of the criminal justice system in a changing society. Past Trends As we all know, we all rely on the criminal justice system to protect us as a community, and to also enlighten us about what is going on within our communities. Lets face it, every citizen wants to be safe in knowing that he or she can safely walk the streets without facing some type of threat to his or her life. To begin with, the criminal justice system is a field that will forever evolve.