The Pope led a similar role to the Roman Emperor; he led wars, controlled taxes, gave others power, and gave out land. Because Catholoism was the main religion in the Roman Empire, following the fall of Rome, many Romans felt tied to only their religion. This led to the Roman Catholic Church having a wide based group of followers who would do anything to be seen as good and eventually go to heaven. This is illustrated in the Crusades, a series of Holy Wars, where the pope was able to use the population of Western Europe’s fear of not going to heaven and manipulating it. Telling them that whatever they do in the name of the holy land and church will be overlooked by God.
The origins of rebellion arose when people in England opposed Mary’s catholic standing and were worrying over the possible return of papal authority over England, since mary’s coronation was in 1553 she quickly placed people of catholic standing in positions within the kingdom, including many positions in the privy council the most influential body within the government. This quick changeover within England is arguably what caused the Wyatt rebellion as it made the people feel anxious of the possible threat of going back to a papal authority, this can be reinforced by the following source ‘and yet thhe it be said in counsel as to my friend, we mind only the restitution of God’s word, but no words!’qhich was written by wyatts son showing us that Wyatt was rebelling to the threat Mary posed to religion, but it can also be inferred that although this was his motive he felt that this reason wasn’t acceptable to cause a greater enough rebellion to remove Mary from the throne so he says that they should use a different reason, as generally it can be argued that Mary’s catholic influence across England were relatively popular, possibly why the rebellion was shown little support. There
The Spanish Inquisition Abstract The Spanish inquisition forced people of all religions to convert to Catholicism. Those refusing to convert would be tortured or killed. Some people believe the purpose was religious persecution other believe it was a way or the king and queen of Spain of keeping control over their people. The Inquisition stunted the intellectual growth in all areas of the culture and because of this Spain was left behind when it came to technological advances. The Spanish Inquisition began in 1480 and was ordered by Queen Isabella.
He also made a start on reforming religion; in July 1547 he introduced the Book of Homilies and paraphrases, a religious document that had to be placed in every Church. Then in December 1547 the Act of Six Articles was repealed, this was a document that had re-established Catholic Doctrines. All of these policies were reforming religion and moving towards the Protestant way of running the Church, and Edward hoped that the introduction of Protestant readings, for example Cranmer’s first prayer book in 1548, would lead people to begin to convert to Protestantism. However religious revolution progressed far further under John Dudley the Duke of Northumberland, following Somerset’s fall from power. Despite originally being more conservative himself, and supporting that side of the Privy Council, he understood the need for religious reform under Edward and in 1550 all conservatives and Catholic Bishops, such as Gardiner, were
Why do we need a king that’s so selfish and disrespectful to rule our country? Religious conflicts permeated Charles’s reign. He married a Catholic princess over the objection of our parliament and public opinion. He also allied himself with controversial religious figures like Duke of Buckingham and Archbishop Laud. As his subjects, we think that this brought our Church of England too close to Roman Catholic.
He was under leverage from his advisor, the Duke of Northumberland. The young Edward was a supporter of the Protestant faith, although Mary seemed to have hoped at one point he would see the error of his ways and return England to the Church of Rome. Eventually Edward fell ill and died. In the last days of his life Northumberland persuaded him to make the Catholic Lady Jane Grey, Edward’s cousin, otherwise known as the “Nine day Queen” to be next in line as they thought they would have a puppet they could control [although Jane had other ideas about that!]. Mary realized that a plot was being formulated to place Jane on the throne.
In order to continue battling France, the King forced from his barons greater taxes and additional military services, this angered the barons because he did not consult them before raising taxes; this was a violation of feudal law and custom. On top of angering the barons, King John also angered the citizens and the church as well. He was using unnecessary military force and demanded a ridiculous amount of taxes. Disagreements between Pope Innocent III, King John, and the English barons about the Kings rights were how the Magna Carta came to be written. A new Archbishop was to be elected; the candidates were the monks of Canterbury, and the other candidate was someone that the king favored, the Pope had the election take place in front of him, to see fair play.
Sir Edmond Andros was an English military man who openly affiliated himself with the Church of England. The people of New England despised him because along with being a part of the Church of England, he had his men teach the people ti drink, blaspheme, curse, and damn. He changed everything cherished by New England by intentionally interrupting cherished town meetings, restricting the court, the press, schools, and revoking all land titles. 28. The Glorious Revolution was the dethroning of the unpopular Catholic James II and enthroning Protestant rulers William III and Mary.
The man who first rebelled against the Catholic Church was a man named Martin Luther. He did this by creating the 95 Thesis. Thesis number 32 states that “Those who believe that, through letters of pardon indulgences, they are made sure of their own salvation, will be eternally damned along with their teachers”. The 95 Thesis were reasonable and fair to all of England, unlike the Catholic Churches new rules. Henry VIII thought of the idea to challenge the church from Martin Luther.
This revolution, also known as the glorious revolution, involved James II becoming King after the death of his brother, Charles II. The people of this period were against James becoming king because of his religion of being a Roman Catholic. During that time, it was thought that Roman Catholics caused horrific disasters to London. Later, when political power was given to his daughter Mary, who was married to Dutch William of Orange, James fled the country. After this occurrence, Protestant rule was restored.