Consequently when he asked the Barons to provide an army to win back his land in France they refused. The evidence suggests that John did not always listen to his Barons and his Barons did not always listen to him and it was known as a long term cause of the rebellion. In addition to this was when John raised the taxes. John increased taxes heavily to pay for an army to gain his land in France; again he didn’t consult the Barons before this change. In 1213 he collected so much money from taxes that half of all the coins in England were his to spend.
To what extent was Charles I responsible for the failure to reach a negotiated settlement 1646-1649? It can be argued that to a large extent that Charles’ behaviour was responsible for his execution in the beginning of 1649. Losing both civil wars, escaping from the New Model Army and secret letters to his wife claiming that he will delay negotiations for as long as possible suggests reasons why he was executed. However, Parliament and the New Model Army were also factors which were responsible for the failure to reach a negotiated settlement as Parliament were divided and because the New Model Army were highly influenced from the Levellers. The King being the most important figure in England assumed he had all authority within England as he firmly believed in the ‘Divine Rights of Kings’ which is the belief that God has given the King his authority and so the King lives through God’s ‘legacy’.
Additionally, suspicions had risen of radical parliamentarians and the people were reliant on Charles’ return to stop this. These reasons are the main factors for Charles’ support in 1646. Charles’ return to the throne would have meant an end to Parliament’s County Committees, which many felt were worse than living under Charles’ rule. A large portion of the population had suffered the brutal dominion of the County Committees, which only worsened as the war progressed and Parliament became more desperate to finance the war. Primarily made up of fiercely loyal Puritans, the County Committees were efficient in reaching the monthly quotas set by Parliament.
To some extent, I agree with this statement as John had many faults such as, he was a bad fighter and the people of medieval England liked their kings to be great warriors. He lost all of the land in France and some sources written by barons say that it was because he was idle and was not bothering to fight. He was also over taxing the barons which obviously was not sensible as the barons in medieval times had a lot of power. If they inherited land, king John would get a large share of it, or if they didn’t want to fight in a battle, they would have to pay a large amount of money to the king. However I also disagree with this statement for as many reasons as I agree with it, one being that Johns brother was Richard the Lion Heart.
Therefore when evaluating the reforms Wolsey managed to implement or fall back on in this particular case, it is important to judge by the standards of sixteenth century citizens rather than our own. One of the most important reasons for Wolsey’s lack of success was his pride and inability to forget past matters, in turn leading him to target influential people that could easily overpower his reforms, such as his battles against enclosure. A particular example of this is his feud with Amyas Paulet. Several years before assuming power, Paulet had placed Wolsey in the stocks after creating a riot. Once Wolsey had gained position as Lord Chancellor, Wolsey forced Amyas Paulet to wait in daily attendance in Wolsey’s court for five years and if failing to do so, would have all his property confiscated.
Henry’s lack of political skill played a huge part in the feud between York and Somerset, which started in 1950 when Rouen and Normandy were lost to the French. This feud started because York blamed Somerset for the loss of Normandy. Which in 1453, he made clear by putting Somerset on trial for treason in France. Henry failed to resolve the feud between the two nobles because his personality wasn’t strong enough. This eventually lost him the support of York, after countless amounts of times that York attempted to prove his loyalty, which played a big part in his downfall because York was a very important noble.
Other situations or events that led to problems between the years 1625 and 1629 were the impeachment and then assassination of Buckingham, the Petition of right and the insulting appointment of Wentworth up in the North. The fore mentioned were all problems which can be blamed on Charles but aren’t wholly his fault. The York house and what was discussed in it, cause a problem for Charles. First of all Charles didn’t head up the meeting, and he didn’t allow the archbishop to do it. Instead he chose Buckingham for the job.
The King tried to force men to give up their rights to make laws. The King also called men together to make laws in the most inconvenient times and places, so they won't be able to go discuss the new laws. He made them pay all kinds of taxes without asking them about it. The declaration was the way colonist expressed that they wanted to be free from the King and of England. Some of the laws the king made were unfair and unconventional.
A MacDonald faced major challenges such as problems between the English and French, ongoing annexation threats from America, as well as large economic issues while holding his position as Prime Minister. Since the beginning, the thought of cultural nationalism seemed impossible due to the French and English relations. Obtaining the physically enormous Rupert’s Land for Canada was essential, but Louis Riel and his French Canadian Métis group reacted violently when their home joined confederation. Although Macdonald peacefully purchased the land from Britain (unlike the American West, acquired through military means), Riel wrote up demands for his colony. When these were denied, the Métis captured the expansionists and murdered one uncooperative member: Thomas Scott.
These acts were sometimes reversed as it was in this case, he was reinstated as Earl of Surrey in 1489 to help put down an uprising in Northumberland. This gave Henry ultimate power over his dangerously powerful nobles, meaning he could use them to his advantage when he needed to, as well as being able to suppress them. However, Henry VII was also unsuccessful in strengthening his authority as King as he continued to be increasingly paranoid about threats from foreign powers and pretenders. His weak hold on foreign policy in Europe meant that in 1491 France began to aid the imposture of Perkin Warbeck, a young man pretending to be Edward, Earl of Warwick, an heir to the English Throne with a stronger claim than the King himself. ...read more.