Many members of parliament were not willing to compromise and come up with a solution to make Canada a better country. Surprisingly, Macdonald joined with the leader of the Liberals, George Brown, to form the Great Coalition. This was an alliance formed to make decision-making in Canada easier. Canada’s votes were always separated by the French and English who always voted against each other. Macdonald believed unity would help Canada solve its issues.
First Nations were also key forces in the military struggle between the French and British. The misconception that First Nations were a weak and inferior fighting force is a fallacy, as First Nations proved to be invaluable to both the French and English in their fight for British North America (Thunderbird n.d.). Despite the patriarchal views of many towards First Nations and their roles in the expansion of Europe into North America, First Nations did play a pivotal role in the colonizing of North America. France and Britain were the main players in the struggle to dominate North America commercially, economically as well as militarily. The abundance of fur-bearing animals in North America and demand for furs in Europe started a power struggle between the French and British (First Nations in Canada 2011).
Secondly, in the Province of Canada, the government had difficulty reaching agreement, because there was no party that could have majority support. Sir John A. Macdonald believed and told them that if they joined together, this political deadlock would be solved. In addition, the inter-colony railroad was very important to Canada, because it could send the military out to where it was needed quickly. It would also be a way of trading goods hastily. Manufacturing and coal producing areas of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton saw an advantage to allow their goods to get to markets much faster because of the railroad.
He required that his subjects “loan him the equivalent of five subsidies” and although it was “opposed by significant numbers in the localities,” the taxation still occurred as the government had “employed all its powers to eliminate resistance”. Moreover, the Forced Loan only happened as a result of Charles dismissing the 1626 Parliament, forfeiting his opportunity of obtaining further grants for his wartime expenditure. Parliament had already been antagonised by Charles’ decision to dismiss them and now that Charles was forcing taxation on others in order to fund his wartime expenditure, due to disastrous foreign policy which Parliament largely disagreed with, it is clear that the Forced Loan had worsened relations greatly. In addition to this, the financing of foreign policy also affected the relationship between Crown and Parliament. As stated previously, the Forced Loan existed to fund England’s wars considering that Parliament was reluctant to grant Charles further subsidies.
How far do you agree that the first world war caused the abdication of the Tsar While the first world war was a large reason as to why the Tsar abdicated on march 15th 1917, there were other reasons such as the lack of political reform and the state of Russia before the war. However, the war, and his actions due to this, was the largest reason for the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Russia, while beginning the war with victories against Austria - Hungary and pressing into Prussia, old lingering problems soon caught up with the country caught in patriotic zeal. There were four main reasons as to why the war contributed to the fall of the Romanov dynasty. Firstly the lack of agricultural workers and horses to tend the fields as well as the takeover of the transport system by the military, hindered the food production of Russia.
' Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain, heavily effected by the teachings of JR Seely, feared Britain would be eclipsed as a great power by the USA and Russia 'unless the resources of the British Isles could be buttressed by those of the British Empire. ' Doubts were raised about the continuation of this now precariously placed empire and 'no event was more responsible for raising doubts about the nation's future than the South African War. ' The longevity and events of the war signified a crisis of British imperialism and in this essay I will attempt to detail why this was the case. Internationally, in the lead up to the war, there was an 'intensified struggle for markets and spheres of influence...this signalled a significant resructuring in the global economy that carried troubling implications for Britain. ' Other countries had undergone rapid development and were now forcing there way onto the world stage.
They consisted of Britain, Russia and France against Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (who later switched sides). I believe that alliances were the most important cause of WW1, because instead of making allies to prevent war, the alliance system actually had an opposite effect. Alliances are a long-term cause to WW1 because they take a considerably long time to make. It led to distrust for each country and secrecy with some countries resulting in an increase in tension. The main leaders of ‘World War 1’ in the ‘Triple Entente’ were George V (British Empire), Raymond Poincaré (France) and Nicholas II (Russia).
Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence I think Paine had several important arguments when concerning “Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence because there was a lot of tension that was building up between Great Britain during the 1760s and 1770s. Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” was beneficial when concerning the push for the Declaration of Independence. There were several issues that led up to the colonist determining on whether or not to declare the independence from Great Britain. There were numerous taxes that were put on the colonies which they thought didn’t make any sense at all. The colonist acted numerous times to protest against the taxes.
(Cranny p.55) Normally, when Britain went to war, Canada would automatically be at war as well, but King took a big step in not following orders from the mother country. Another accomplishment King succeeded in was demanding to be able to sign an international treaty without a British representative’s permission. (Cranny p.55) Once again, King did not follow the rules. He was supposed to receive a British representative’s signature for treaties, but he continued to push for greater Canadian independence. Secondly, The Balfour Report allowed Canada to receive autonomy and gave Canada equal status with Britain for creating laws.
England for a long time had been told to hate Catholics and when James came from Scotland and became king he decided to marry Henrietta Maria, a Catholic, the people became unhappy because they did not know if their heir would be Protestant or Catholic. In 1625 England became involved in expensive foreign wars - with the Austrian Empire then in 1627 a war against France. This meant that Charles was very short of money and so he forced rich people to lend it to him. In 1628 Charles asked Parliament to let him raise custom duties on wines and many other goods. The MPs were not happy with the forced loans and foreign wars so they presented Charles with the Petition of Rights which was just parliament saying that Charles cannot raise custom duties without parliaments permission.