It’s called “Mad Cow” because of the strange way the cattle act that are infected with the disease. Mad Cow Disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord. Mad cow disease is caused by an abnormal infectious protein called a preeon. The preeon was discovered by American neurologist Stanley B. Prusiner. Prions are a mutated form of a normal protein.
2) 3) 4) Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy protein misfolding ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Better known as Mad Cow Disease Cause by an abnormal form of prions which are proteins Slowly progressive disease that affects a cow’s central nervous system Cattle are infected by eating food that have remains of other animals like cattle and sheep that contain the infectious prions There are normal proteins (PrPc) and abnormal harmful prions (PrPsc). The prion is a misfolded form of PrPc. Cells have chaperones for young proteins to help it fold correctly Prions affect the folding of normal, healthy proteins PrPc comes in contact with PrPsc, PrPsc affects the folding of the normal protein and causes it to fold into the harmful form of the protein PrPsc is hydrophobic. It congregates with other PrPsc proteins forming plaques Plaques cause neuronal cell death leaving holes that resemble a sponge. Role of Prions in BSE ● ● ● ● A prion is an infectious, abnormally folded protein PrPsc is the abnormal
That single cattle can jeopardize the entire food supply. Schlosser effectively communicates the fact that “fast food is bad for you” with tons of evidence ranging from news articles, factual events such as recalls, reports, and first person experiences. Most of the events lead back to Colorado Springs, Colorado due to all of the issues concerning fast food originates. Schlosser also takes experiences from labs, where scientists do various experiments to recreate the feel and taste of the food to satisfy the human from meats to fruits. This boasts the highest worst safety records in the world.
It is estimated that over 1 million animals are killed due to companies that test their products on animals and those companies tell us that they use animals to test the safety of their products. They also use lethal dosage tests are used to determine the amount of a substance that will kill a predetermined ratio of animals which are performed by forcing the subject to inhale poisonous substances through inhalers, stomach tubes or injections. My third argument is about how the animals react to the testing. It is well known that the testing can cause extreme suffering to the animals, and the suffering can go on to the point of death. Also the way that the animals react to the stress of the experiments can severely affect the end results, rendering the experiments meaningless.
Wasting Away Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is slowly eating away at much of the population of white-tail deer, moose, and elk in North America. CWD deteriorates the brain of an animal. It is infecting many of the deer in the Midwest and spreading all over the nation with a rapid pace. This horrific disease has been found as far north as Wisconsin and all the way down to New Mexico. There are many things that cause CWD, and it needs to be stopped before our white-tail deer population is considerably damaged.
Animal testing should be banned- Point1- Many animals are killed and severely injured every year from animal testing, and as we don’t “own” these creathures, we do not have the rights to take animals away from the nature. Point2- Animal testings are unnecessary and delivers inaccurate results. Point3- Animal testing can cause flu and diseases due to insanitary conditions in the lab and cage. Animal testing is among the most disturbing test ever done and must be internationally banned. Large number of animals are killed in the laboratory every day.
So Phy Mrs. Figel Persuasive Essay 29 May 2015 Animal Testing Must Stop Each year in the United States, an estimated seventy million animals are hurt or killed in the name of science by private institutions. Abraham Lincoln once said, “I am in favor of animal rights as well as human rights that are the way of a whole human being.” There are three main topics to prove why animal testing should be illegal: innocent lives matter, no benefits for killing animals, and people uses animals to perform expensive and unreliable tests. In 2009, according to investigation inside the laboratories stated nearly 75,000 dogs were kidnapped, including thousands of homeless animals from shelters. They were taken away by group of scientists and researchers (PETA). For example, dogs are perfect object in human-disease studies, including studies of heart and hormonal disorders.
Rabbits are routinely blinded by having various products forced into their eyes. This is call the Driaze test. Does not guarantee human safety, but, protects companies from political lawsuits. Factory Farming Over 10 billion animals are slaughtered annually for human consumption. Of the 10 billion at least 6 billion are derived from broiler chickens, which are killed after 9 short weeks of life.
Physical factors, usually associated with illness, are the predominant cause of malnutrition in UK adults, although psychosocial issues have significant effects on dietary intake in some groups (e.g. the socially isolated, the bereaved, poor quality diets in low income groups and some older subjects). Since malnutrition both predisposes to disease (Table 7) and is simultaneously an outcome of disease, patients may enter a downward spiral of ill-health due to malnutrition-disease interactions. (NCBI) Muscle function relies primarily on nutrients received through nutritious foods and vitamins. A loss of fat and muscle mass is commonly the biggest sign of malnutrition.
Testing cosmetics on animals should be banned. Millions of animals are killed every year due to the tests that were done on them by cosmetic companies for their products. Instituting safety precaution for the end-users has been their major affair to conduct such tests on animals. In contrary, more reliable results has emerged tremendously via alternative test methods that are available which does not require animal testing for cosmetics that was found by the Food and Drug Administration. More humane non-animal testing methods have been used by hundreds of companies such as “Clarins, Dermalogica, Estee Lauder and Clinique”.