Utah Symphony and Opera Merger

4173 Words17 Pages
Create a document to help Anne Ewers think through issues that may result from the merger process. A1. Bill Bailey Illustrate how Bill Bailey, might use one theory of motivation to support or oppose the merger. Background: There are two perspectives when talking about theories of motivation; Content Theories and Process Theories. These two theories can complement each other instead of compete as alternatives. Content theories deal with “the what” of motivation. They try to explain the forces which drive human behavior by fulfilling physiological and personal needs. They look at deficiencies because of the belief that if the need is met, people will not be further motivated to meet that need. Physiological needs include basics such as food, safety, and affiliation. Personal growth needs follow second after physiological needs have been met. These needs include self-esteem, purpose and self-actualization. Process theories go somewhat more in depth to explain motivation. They deal with “the how” of motivation. How did a specific process lead to an outcome of motivation? This information is important because it can show how the process may be measured and then replicated. It provides a way to explain how to motivate for change. One theory of motivation Bill Bailey might use is the process theory known as the Expectancy Theory. Kinicki & Kreitner (2010) tell us the Expectancy Theory was developed by Victor Vroom in 1964 to produce a systematic explanatory theory of workplace motivation. Vroom ascertained that the motivation to behave in a particular way is determined by an individual’s expectation that the action will lead to a particular outcome and it is multiplied by the valence (preference or attractiveness) the person has for said outcome. In other words, “The Expectancy theory holds that people are motivated to behave in ways that
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