Interpellation and Subjectivity

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Interpellation is where ideology functions in constructing identity and creating a particular position for an individual in society. The role of interpellation and subjectivity can be said as important in creating identity to an individual. Thus, the process of identification creates an identity, where ‘You identify me and I become that me that you have identified’ (Judith Butler , 2009). The connection between interpellation and subjectivity can be seen through Louis Althusser’s depiction of the interpellative function of Ideological State Apparatuses: "[I]deology 'acts' or 'functions' in such a way that it 'recruits' subjects among the individuals (it recruits them all), or 'transforms' the individuals into subjects (it transforms them all) by the very precise operation which I have called interpellation or hailing, and which can be imagined along the lines of the most commonplace every day police (or other) hailing: 'Hey, you there!'”. With the comment, Althusser stress on the close relation of how interpellation functions in constructing subjectivity. In the following essay, different elements of the theory are exhibited and the aim of this essay is to compare the idea of interpellation and subjectivity by comparing few arguments taken from cultural theorists. Our sense of being is actually engaged with the concept of interpellation. This is due to the concept of interpellation, through the role of ideology, it does not only just giving identity to an individual, but also functions in ensuring social stability. For example, we interpellate an individual with police uniform as an individual who have power of law, therefore we feel obligated to follow what the officer said and indirectly feel like subjected to the law. Besides that, through interpellation concept individual’s stability can be achieved. Because for example, an individual who wears school uniform
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