Sociology looks beyond normal, taken-for-granted views of reality, to provide deeper, more illuminating and challenging understandings of social life. Through its particular analytical perspective, social theories, and research methods, sociology is a discipline that expands our awareness and analysis of the human social relationships, cultures, and institutions that profoundly shape both our lives and human history. (Furze et al, 2012; Plummer, 2010; Back et al, 2012; Macionis & Plummer, 2012; Ballantine & Roberts 2011) There are theories developed to explain these phenomenons, termed sociological theories or perspectives. Functionalism,
EMILE DURKHEIM'S THEORY OF SOCIAL FACTS While Durkheim’s writings touch on issues of political organization and morality, the fundamental concept diffused throughout his writings reflects a desire to provide a theoretical framework for describing and understanding the social construction of societal life. The overall agenda for Durkheim is to explain the process by which individuals socially integrate into society, as well as to provide a model for understanding the relationship between people and their respective societies. Most basically, Durkheim develops a framework for analyzing the construction and constitution of social life. The concept of “social facts” assumes importance in Durkheimian sociology. In fact, Durkheim has even defined sociology as a science of social facts.
Q. Discuss the major differences as well as similarities of Macro sociological theories? There are two main theories which are classified under macro sociology which are functionalism and conflict. This paper will focus on those two theories, its objective is to delineate the assumptions of these theoretical perspectives and apply the assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions.
Marx believed that societies grew and changed due to struggles of different social classes. Durkheim believed in studying the “social facts,” which would help determine if a society was healthy or pathological. Weber’s focus on the structure of society included the elements of class, status and power. Each sociologist had a great influence in the field of sociology, but took different approaches to studying societies. Sociology enables us to understand how society functions and under which circumstances.
I looked at Goffman’s theory, he believes social order is produced through actions of individuals and their practises through living there lives. (Cited Goffman in Silva 2009) Foucault believes that social order is produced through discourse and the power of knowledge) in disciplining individuals. (Foucault cited in Silva 2009) These two theorist whilst asking the same question of how social order is made and remade, they drawn upon different ways of gathering evidence and the end outcome is two completely different theories that even though they are quite different ,both explain the connections between society and how individuals make and remake social order. The differences of these two theorists are very contrasting in that Foucault uses Macro social experiences in where large scale structures, patterns or systems and discourse affect the ordering of social life. He focuses with the historical side of social order and why, how and by who these interactions are authorized through power and knowledge.
People can be seen socially in distinct points of view with a wide variety of speculated ideas through the use of Sociology’s theoretical perspectives. These theoretical perspectives contain three primary sociological views: Symbolic Interactionism, Functionalism, and Conflict Theory. Together, these perspectives offer us an elucidation about the social differences of humans all over the world. Within this paper, these three perspectives will be purposefully explained and analyzed to provide a better understanding of how and why Sociological views vary. Symbolic Interactionism is one of the major theoretical perspectives of Sociology.
4, 5). In the sociological imagination, it shows that both public and private issues are two parts of one larger issue. Seeing the difference between what is a sociological cause and what is due to the individual can help people understand the difference between what an individual is really responsible for and what is due to social circumstances. Through the essay, it is clear that Mills believes that society shapes individuals just as much as individuals shape society. This is seen clearly in some modern day examples.
The Major Theoretical Perspectives. According the text, Theoretical Perspectives were fundamental to the evolution and study of Sociology. Through these various concepts and theories sociologist sought to explore and examine how social life and events affect the logical social order of things and serve as an indicator of the future our society. Some Sociologist viewed society as a stable self sustaining entity, while others saw it as the day to day interactions of individuals and yet it was also viewed in terms of the varying groups that are forced to compete for limited resources. The Theoretical Perspectives that are integral to U.S. sociology are the functionalist perspective, conflict perspective (both of takes a macro level view of society) and symbolic interactionist perspective (takes a micro level view of society).
It Emerged out of the sociology of social order and social stability/social regulation. Put these into perspective the consensus and conflict sociological theories are reflected in the works of certain dominant social theorists. Dominant Classical social theorists such as Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. And other prominent social theorists such as Talcott Parsons & Robert Merton, Louis Althusser & Ralph Dahrendorf and Herbert Mead & Herbert Blumer. It is important to note that the conflict and consensus perspectives of sociological theories have been divided into four categories orf our paradigms-frame of reference in which human
Core Assessment: Sociological Imagination Sociology Abstract This paper will use the sociological perspective to discuss problems and issues in society. I will then discuss major theoretical perspectives that best explain these problems and issues and what some of the cultural components and elements contribute to the causes, effects and/or solutions to these problems. To sum up the first portion of this paper I will identify and discuss the relationship of the socialization process to the issue/problem, causes and solutions and what agents of socialization are important. To start the second part of this paper I will identify my own personal social class as it relates to my personal wealth, income, and occupational status, wealth and income. I will also identify my gender and race ad discuss consequences of each as it relates to my current or potential occupational status, wealth, income and restraints that my race may have in regards to access to educational opportunities.