Theories and Perspectives in Sociology, Understanding Sociological Theory

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Theories and Perspectives in Sociology, Understanding sociological Theory In the study of how society works, sociologists use theories, to help explain human behaviour. Within sociology, there are several theories and perspectives used to do this. These are divided into three main theories structural functional, Conflict and social action theory. The social action theory is micro a study of society, this theory looks at individual’s behaviour and how individuals interact with each other. As stated in Giddens, sociologists who support this theory see individuals as not created by society but as the creators of society. Both the functional and conflict perspective, study society on a macro level. Unlike the micro study of society that looks to the individual, structural theory instead looks to society as a whole. Supporters of this theory view society as the creator of the individual, it is believed that the rules norms and values of society influence and govern the individuals. This essay will look at that two structural theories of functionalism and Marxists, it will compare and contrast both perspectives and identify similarities and differences in their views of on education family, as well as highlighting the strengths and a weaknesses in both perspectives. Sociological Theory Map (Dierkes', 2010) Emile Durkheim, the French sociologist was one of the founding functionalists. Believed sociology should be studied scientifically methods, just as scientists study the natural world. His famous first principle of sociology was “study social fact as things!” This form of study is known as positivism. The functionalist draws an analogy between the function of society and the function of the human body. They see the different organization within society like organs within the human body. These interconnecting organisations work together, for example, the

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