Sociology differs from social psychology because sociology specifically looks at the different social behaviors and the surrounding influences at more of a broader view. Sociologists look at and their interests are with the institution and also the different cultures that influence how people behave. Psychologists or researchers use many different scientific methods to conduct their research in social psychology. Some examples of these methods are; descriptive research- shows what may already exist within a group.
Sociology as an Individual Pastime Peninsula College Abstract This paper introduces the student’s interpretation of the first chapter in Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective by Peter L. Berger. Berger explains that conventional wisdom and the sociological studies are different than other academic practices. Sociologists believe our civilization is a large, collection of complex human relationships and their attendant systems of interaction. Berger says that sociology defines the objective meaning of human interaction within our homes, organizations, and communities. Sociologists concern themselves with issues that most people might find boring, but the goal of sociology is to focus on the ultimate importance of what men
It was a term coined by one of the founding fathers of classical sociology Comte and it involves: “Knowledge that is disciplined, empirical and scientific free from religious or political bias.” On the other hand as society and the early science of sociology evolved a different approach was seen by many to be the way forward. This anti-positivist thinking or interpretist approach believes that society cannot be studied as a science; this methodological anti-positivism proposed the theory of the human in society as an individual and thus research be directed to human cultural norms, values and symbols. The interpretist will take a more subjective approach were as the positivist tries to look at society objectively. Let us now look to compare and contrast positivism with an interpretist approach. Positivists are of the opinion that society can be studied using a scientific approach comparable to the way scientists study the natural world.
Positivism is a huge part of sociology. There is an abundance of controversy between whether sociology should be studied using that or Interpretivism. Positivism, adapted by Marx and Engels, allows sociologists to make laws about human behavior just like how scientists make laws of the natural world (Gordon). Sociology should use positivism because sociology uses empirical research methods, behaviors can be objectively studied and values can be removed from the equation, and also because sociology mainly consists of discovering social facts. Positivists tend to use empirical research methods such as experiments and questionnaires to study sociology (Andrews).
Positivists and functionalists such as Durkheim and Comte view sociology as a science and they argue that sociology can discover all the social problems. This theory believes that the state serves the interest of everyone and policies must be introduced that fit everyone. For that reason they like piecemeal engineering, which is the idea of tackling one social problem at a time. However Marxists criticise this vies as they argue that educational policies are aimed at equalising opportunity but not reducing poverty; therefore this weakens the view given by the functionalists that the state serves the interests of everyone. However functionalist still believe that sociology and social policy now have a strong relationship.
The answers to the questions are gathered and then analyzed before being reported as evidence to support a scientific theory about a social situation. The second example is of a research method is using secondary analysis which “is the process of making use of data that has been collected by others” (Tischler, 2007, p. 38). With this approach, past articles, data, archives and historical recordings are compiled together, analyzed and used to support the sociologist’s theory. One benefit to using historical data as a research method is that the sociologist is
The sociological theory upholds that, people are not instinctively good or bad, happy or depressed, and intelligent or ignorant, but are rather shaped into their own individuality over time by the interactions, connections and relations that one endures along with the situations and circumstances which are undergone throughout a lifetime. First off what is sociology? Well it is the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society, or to put it more simply it is the scientific study of social structure. With that is where the understanding of the sociological perspective comes into play. There are two major aspects in regards to the sociological perspective, the first being interaction between social structure and an individual and the idea of two levels of analysis.
Sociologists study and give analysis of all types of social phenomena and from different levels and different perspectives. They range in giving concrete interpretations to making sweeping generalisations of society and social behavior. Sociologists study everything from specific events the micro level of analysis of small social patterns to the “big picture” the macro level of analysis of large social patterns. Research is about collecting information that informs us about the question we first asked. In scientific research this is called a hypothesis.
There is increasing interest in something called "phenomenological sociology." If this interest is to be sustained, indeed if this sub-discipline is to contribute to our knowledge of the social world, we must become clear on what phenomenological sociology is and can become. At present serious problems exist in the writings of many sociologists who have contributed to, and implicitly defined, this approach to sociology. In general, they display only a metaphorical understanding of phenomenology as a philosophy and as a set of methods. In addition, and partly as a result, they fail to understand the relationship between sociology and phenomenology.
This paper gives several responses to the idea of genetic or biological determinism from the viewpoint of sociology. Sociology, according to Abercrombie, is the “analysis of the structure of social relationships as constituted by social interaction” (Abercrombie, 2006 p.367), and thus provides a basis for the evaluation of such ideas and theories. Sociologists may argue that rather than genetics, social forces influence the way we act and interact within society. The structure/agency debate in sociology examines the extent to which human behaviour is determined by social