Discuss the Major Differences as Well as Similarities of Macro Sociological Theories?

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Q. Discuss the major differences as well as similarities of Macro sociological theories? There are two main theories which are classified under macro sociology which are functionalism and conflict. This paper will focus on those two theories, its objective is to delineate the assumptions of these theoretical perspectives and apply the assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions. Then I will state my opinion on which of the two better fits my personal sociological views. Functionalism and the conflict theory are sociological perspectives that present different assertions of studying the society and how the resultant perspectives of the society are enhanced. The functionalist perspective perceives the society as a system and on a large scale. The functionalist perspective presents social moulding of an individual rather than use of force to the individual in order to carry out societal roles. Moreover, it asserts that when members of the society cooperate with one another, they help in maintaining order in the society. In addition to that, functionalists perceive social transformation as being constructive and expected. The functionalist view also holds that each feature of society is mutually dependent and participates in society's performance as a whole. It was emphasised by Appelrouth and Edles (2008:349) that, the classic structural functionalist image of society is as an organism, such as the body with different parts (e.g. limbs, brain, liver) working together in an interdependent way. It was also supported by Parsons (1902-1979) in Schaefer (2010:13) who saw any society as a vast network of connected parts, each of which helps to maintain the system as a whole. On the other hand, the conflict theory views society as having a lot of fight and nervousness

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