Running head: Personality Theories Personality Theories PSY/211 Personality Theories The existence of personality theories correspond to how scholars analyze and assess the development of human identity and behavior. Each viewpoint provides a specific understanding of what cultivates personality and the corresponding factors that influence such behavior. One way to analyze personality is through the lens of psychoanalytic theory. The main argument of this theory is that problems or issues pertaining to psychology can be rooted to one’s unconscious (McLeod, 2007). Specifically, the problems are influenced by latent issues surfacing in the conscious mind.
This school of study ultimately depends on the methods of the case studies that are performed to provide the necessary information that will clearly show them the evidence based on motivations. The theory of psychodynamics will tell us that the researcher will be able to collect the correct information based on the subject’s willingness to reveal the truth about themselves in their everyday actions. The Behaviorist Perspective This school of study is also known as “behaviorism.” In this school of study behavior is observed and learned by the way it is shaped by the stimuli in our environment. This study
Based on the literature to discuss how the threats can influence the individual motivation, and use some example and antitheses to prove why the threats are necessary to project management. Finally discuss how to correct use the threats. Key Words: Negative reinforcement; Threats; Motivation; Hierarchy of needs; Positive reinforcement. 2. Research and analysis Negative reinforcement is one of major skills for project managers.
The staff will be given information Re: training sessions and the plan to ensure staff are aware and prepared for the changes to come. Having leadership established in the initialization of the change will provide support for the desired transformation. The final phase is refreezing. The affected staff will have many opportunities for their own input about the application’s performance and if they attained adequate preparation to achieve the execution phase of eMAR. Refreezing is the process of including new policies and procedures to develop into a component of the agenda of the organization.
The Case Study Approach Deciding to write a case study researcher should think about the method itself; along with how it can be used as a tool plus the reasons to use the case study approach. Does it convey truly what they are wanted to get across? Before they start working on a case study; have they thought of all the advantages and disadvantages to using this approach to getting a theory or information out to the world. Once they have reached this point then the researcher must decide how to collect the data/information in which they want to share with the real world. The Case Study Method and Tool Case studies are methods in which usually an individual is observed but sometimes can be a setting such as a school, business, or neighborhood.
1.1 Explain what reflective practice is Reflective practice is a process to help evaluate your work. It provides opportunities to learn from your experience and develop your working practice. It is both a tool to help you analyze specific interactions or incidents that have occurred at work, as well as a method of working in the moment that is mindful and self-aware. 1.2 Explain the importance of reflective practice in continuously improving the quality of service provided Reflecting on your practice is important as it can help you to focus on what you have done well and identify areas you may need to improve I.e. It may make you consider new approaches or make you consider learning more or beginning new courses in relevant subjects.
Managing Change Part II MGT/426 Managing Change At times organizations tend to take on their own culture and in doing so, they face different challenges and changes. For Citigroup to compete, stay financially fit, and adapt, the organizations has to change. Citigroup’s employees must understand how change can be beneficial to the organizational and to them as well. By implementing change will allow the organization grow, meet customers’ needs, challenge the employees to improve his or her skills. Change is imperative for Citigroup to remain relevant.
In hypnotherapy, it is important to focus on the needs of the client, and therefore it is important for the individual to be assessed. Hypnotherapists often use time before therapy to find likes, dislikes, backgrounds and perspectives from clients in order to develop an induction best suited for them (Chrysalis, 2010). Inductions can be authoritarian or permissive, and based
Indeed, the promise of synergy is one of the key rationales for the existence of multi-business firms, as well as a primary reason for strategic moves like acquisitions, diversification and alliances. However, despite the enormous attention that management focuses on different means to achieve cross-business synergies, the realization of cross-business synergies remains an elusive goal for many organizations. Moreover, as the pace of change increases, difficulties in realizing cross-business synergies become even more acute as the sources of synergies within corporations may frequently change. Observations from the literature are that: 1) cross-business synergies exist; 2) the three major sources of synergies are economies of scope, market
Ways of doing this include: select people with the required skills and knowledge; provide the required training and clarify job requirements; provide sufficient time and resources; assign progressively more difficult tasks based on training; follow employees’ suggestions about ways to change their jobs; intervene and attempt to alleviate problems that may hinder effective performance; provide examples of employees who have mastered the task; and provide coaching to employees who lack self-confidence. In essence, leaders need to make the desired performance attainable. Good leaders not only make it clear to employees what is expected of them but also help them attain that level of performance. (Lunenburg, 2011) Reward Expectancy Leaders should try to increase the belief that good performance will result in valued rewards. Ways of doing so include: measure job performance accurately; describe clearly the rewards that will result from successful performance; describe how the employee’s rewards were based on past performance; provide examples of other employees whose good performance has resulted in higher rewards.