Some businesses are completely closing their doors. It doesn't help that the effects of unemployment spill over into other areas of the economy. When people are can't find work, they have less disposable income causing a lower demand for nonessential goods and services. With drops in spending by consumers, businesses may be forced to look at ways to cut costs in order to keep their doors open. One way to reduce expenses is to lay off more workers, resulting in a seemingly endless cycle as even fewer families are able to spend money to regenerate the companies’ business levels.
Urban consolidation is one of the most effective management, which promotes an increase in medium density and high density housing in suburbs that already contain infrastructures. The most common type of urban consolidation is high-rise development which often takes form of multistorey departments. This type of consolidation has taken place in suburbs such as Balmain and Pyrmont in Sydney. Another type of urban consolidation is to increase the number of houses
Within Daring Harbour, 500m from Pyrmont the SHFA runs restaurants, shops, marinas and attractions like the Chinese Garden of Friendship. This provides accessible lifestyle options to nearby Pyrmont residents. It is also a factor drawing residents into Pyrmont, leading to Sydney’s structural reshaping and emergence as a world city with cultural dominance.
In response to the resulting social, economic and environmental problems the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) was set up in 1981. Some reasons that the docklands went into decline is the fact that: there was an increase in ship size meaning that they found it difficult to come down the river as far as the Isle of Dogs where the river wasn't as deep. The position of the docks were moved further downstream to Tilbury. Containerization meant few Dockers were needed with large cranes used to lift containers from ships causing a loss in business for some and unemployment for others. Also there was a decline of portside industries and
It is absolutely full of a variety of hotels, unique shops, and mainstream stores as well as a plethora of banks. Government Street perhaps contains the most expensive real estate in the downtown area of Victoria, and draws in the wealthier portion of clientele. Chinatown is full of history and excitement, around each twist and turn there is culture, demonstrated through paintings, art, the diversity of stores, and vitality of the street. This unique place is a huge tourist attraction and fittingly has an ample number of Chinese restaurants. Also found there are many small, unique, and cultural shops, in historical buildings, that when combined with the cultural aspect of Chinatown make this place a must see for all.
Never less even known with the urbanisation patterns first of all effecting post industrial countries, after mid twentieth century, turned to developing regions, more known as the ‘Third World’. Three basic consequences have resulted from the colonial heritage of many Third World nations: first of all the maintenance of a minimal “survival” economy; second, the reinforcement of traditional subcultures in the city and third one the concentration of economic growth and
Evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline (40 marks) Urban decline is caused by many factors including the development of the suburbs, leading to migration of the upper and middle class workers but is mostly effected by de-industrialisation, resulting in big corporations leaving the region, taking skilled workers and trade with them and causing large scale unemployment. This can cause an even bigger spiral of decline as low income levels mean people can’t afford high quality housing, education or health and then investment into the area starts to leave which leaves the infrastructure to crumble and social standards start to slip. Therefore, to help encourage development in these areas, the government and the people often create schemes to help regenerate the area. One cause of urban decline is the emigration of workers out of an area usually into the suburbs in a search for a nicer environment and better quality of living. This can often lead to the abandonment of buildings which soon become overgrown and derelict.
This meant that Islington slowly started to become a more desired place to live. The impacts on Islington however have more negatives than positives. The positives are that because middle class had moved in, the housing started to improve because it was renovated. This means that the place looks more attractive and therefore more people migrated there. Another positive is that because of new businesses within the area, it meant more jobs for the community and so it opened up more job opportunities.
However during industrialization it brought about a lot of change. The workforce changed resulting in family farming becoming factory working. Moreover, during industrialization machinery took over farming resulting in the farmers no longer needing extra help. This resulted in towns and cities expanding to hold the capacity and many people moving into the cities and towns for factory work. Parsons argues that industrialization led to the nuclear family being very isolated, as the family lost some functions, such as the relationship now between the extended family was down to choice and not duty.
This ruined the farmers of Rome which in result, they drifted to cities that helped add more unemployment to the cities. With farmers moving to the cities and the abundance of slaves, this helped keep wages low (Document 3). That caused many citizens to become poor and have less money to buy materials to help business owners make money and pay tax to the government. Lastly, Germanic/barbarian invasions are another cause of the fall of Rome. The