This means that the majority of people living in the area are those who cannot afford to move away. As an urban area spirals into decline, it becomes a decreasing priority for both public and private investment, which results in a loss of industry as businesses move out. Consequences of this decline include poor quality housing, empty buildings and factories and high levels of pollution. Furthermore, social characteristics include high unemployment, crime rates and split families. Enterprise
During the 1990s the city began revitalizing the housing projects that were basically decaying. The Bridgeport Housing authority has been active in working to get the neighborhoods a little better. Most the housing projects were home to a lot of the factory workers but after the factories left and deindustrialization really hit the city much of the houses were just left to rot. The city is actively involved in removing and revitalizing much of the projects and plan to add more housing projects in the near future. There was a plan for a casino and large resort in the Steele point area but it never really got approved and got voted down in senate.
This is reliable as it is environmental evidence. With the growth of the population came a dangerous vulnerability; the Mayans became unable to adapt to their rapidly changing environment. After extensive research, many archaeologists agree that it is most likely that the Mayans were subject to a lengthened period of severe drought that affected most of Central America. The Mayans lived far from major rivers and relied on water collected by their reservoirs. These reservoirs would not have been very effective during the drought season, resulting in water shortages.
Although urban regeneration is a worldwide issue, it has been especially present in the urban areas throughout the UK in the last 30 years, with the government introducing many different schemes to try and combat the causes and consequences of urban decline. This essay will discuss them and their varying degrees of success. Urban Development Corporations were set up in the 1980s and 1990s, and took the stance of improving the physical, economic and social state of inner city areas through building new infrastructure on derelict and vacant land. These UDCs were given planning approval powers that encouraged them to purchase land, build the new infrastructure and improve the marketing to attract outside investment to the area. The motive behind this was that private investment would be four to five times greater than the initial public spending.
London is a leading global city and is the world’s largest financial city along with New York. It is a major centre economically for commerce and international business but is also strong in the arts, education, entertainment, fashion, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport. London generates 20% of the UK’s total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and is the sixth largest city economy in the world, which is impressive when comparing its size to other cities, such as the megacities of Tokyo, Bangalore and Shanghai. If London was to get flooded by the nearby Thames it would take ruin the UKs economy and would take a lot of money and time to rebuild businesses and infrastructure. The Thames runs right through the city centre, near high business and economic hubs such as Canary Wharf, so this puts London’s financial centre at an even greater risk.
The Five Year Plan tried to eradicate free trade which meant that people could not afford what they wanted. Furthermore, there were shortages of consumer goods because of the state control of private industries. As a result it encouraged an illegal trade in products such as vodka, cigarettes, footwear and food. Furthermore, the black market was so widely spread that it was difficult t police effectively. This illustrates that the economy worsened in terms of consumer goods.
Evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline (40 marks) Urban decline is caused by many factors including the development of the suburbs, leading to migration of the upper and middle class workers but is mostly effected by de-industrialisation, resulting in big corporations leaving the region, taking skilled workers and trade with them and causing large scale unemployment. This can cause an even bigger spiral of decline as low income levels mean people can’t afford high quality housing, education or health and then investment into the area starts to leave which leaves the infrastructure to crumble and social standards start to slip. Therefore, to help encourage development in these areas, the government and the people often create schemes to help regenerate the area. One cause of urban decline is the emigration of workers out of an area usually into the suburbs in a search for a nicer environment and better quality of living. This can often lead to the abandonment of buildings which soon become overgrown and derelict.
With reference to examples, evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline [40 marks]. Urban decline is one of the biggest problems that may occur in an urban area. It is when the inner city becomes run down due to a lack of maintenance and economic activity. This is often accompanied by a decline in population and also an increase in unemployment. However, this process doesn’t come alone.
Without taking care of the marshlands and taking into consideration that it produces a large supply of water for the urban areas, the Everglades will soon deteriorate. Now with the everglades deteriorating and more and more building being built, the more we as a city will be restricted to our water usage and subject to more contaminated water. It will also ruin a large rate of tourism the Everglades brings and the local commercial fishing industry. Knowing the problem at hand Governor Lawton Chiles appointed a report of these predictions. In 1999 the seven year report called the Restudy from the 1992 Water Development Act, went public pin pointing harm taking place in the ecosystem.
The crisis also caused a decline in exports and productions as the demand for exports collapsed and the world trade slumped for Germany. This also concluded in huge unemployment and lowering wages. The result of the German industry was they could no longer pay it’s way. Without over sea’s loads and with its export trade falling bankruptcies increased dramatically. This couldn’t have come at a better time for the Nazi’s as because of this crisis the decline in support of the Weimar Republic decreased with the lack of confidence and underlying economic problems within Germany, he