Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theorists Callista Roy’s model is that of adaptation, which is an ever-changing point made up of different stimuli tailored to each individual and their specific needs. Dorothea Orem’s model is self-care, which is a human function that is deliberate in providing the necessary means for a productive and healthy life and development. These theories guide nurses to use the power of observation and interpersonal skills in doing an individualized assessment of each patient. NURSING THEORISTS WORKSHEET Nursing Theorist | Theoretical Framework (metaparadigm) | Theory Summary | Application to Nursing Practice | Nightingale, Florence | Environmental theory, Theory of practice | Ventilation, light, warmth, and noise level are essential in creating a safe environment for patients. Nightingale believed in treating the person itself and not just the disease.
It is a process that involves nurse-patient collaboration where in the nurse’s intervention “depends upon the patient’s active involvement in determining both the cause of the distress and also an action which may reduce the distress”(Potter & Bockenhauer, 2000, para. 5). This theory is patient centered and focused on reducing patient’s distress. In order to do this according to Alligood (2010) the nurse has to focus on the patients and their needs and validating them before intervening rather than assuming their problems and make random decisions. Theory’s Historical background: Ida Jean Orlando was a professor at Yale University in the 1950’s.
Watson Theory of Human Caring Leticia Gonzalez University of Phoenix Theories and Models of Nursing Practice NUR/ 403 Caroline Etland, PhD, RN, CNS, AOCN March 29, 2010 Watson Theory of Human Caring Nursing theory in general is essential for nursing practice. Medicine has its own scientific basis; nursing has its own theories based on evidence-based practice scientific principles as any other science such as biology, sociology, psychology, etc. Nursing theories are practices that according to Nightingale, Watson, Orem, Roy, Rogers, and others nursing theorists, "it may enhance the quality of life of the public we serve" (Alligood, 2006). Nurses must act within the scope of practice with professionalism defending their skills; so that makes nurses to work independently, to be more analytic, to make realistic goals, and adapt solving- problem according to the evolution of society. On this paper it will present Watson Theory and Caring Model, application of nursing theory assumptions related to person, health, nursing, and environment in the context of the caring moment; description of how Watson’s carative factors that are utilized in the transpersonal relationship, and last personal reflection of my personal experiences.
Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Theorist Selected: Florence Nightingale Description of Theory: Nightingales theory encourages that maintaining the environment can directly and indirectly restore a patient’s health. Nightingale’s theory is explained as the environment, patient and the nurse interact with one another. She believed that the environment can in-directly and directly effect a patients health and it has great benefit on the healing process when controlled and managed to patient recovery Her theory encouraged collaboration and cooperation as the focus of the nurse-patient relationship.
Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: kisha Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: According to Somchit, (1989), Orem’s theory, “Focuses on self-care needs of the patient and is a deliberate action of the nurse who views patients in terms of their self-care capacity. Orem has specified the relationship of her concepts into a set of theories that are interrelated in nursing: theory of self-care deficit, theory of self- care, and theory of nursing systems. With Orem’s theory the focus of nursing is the individual, more specifically the individual’s self-care requisites.
Jean Watson is an American nurse theorist and nurse professor who is mostly known for her Theory of Human Caring. The main concept of the theory is caring for the purpose of healing, dignity, respecting the wholeness of humanity. Jean Watson refers to human being as valued person to be cared, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted. Within caring theory, the primary nursing consideration is the creation of caring, the relationship with the patient. Watson’s caring philosophy is used to guide transformative models of caring and healing practices for nurses, different healthcare professionals, caregivers and patients worldwide.
Bloom’s Taxonomy of Education and its use in Nursing Education Bloom’s Taxonomy of Education research was conducted to allow staff members to more clearly understand the patient’s situation and think more critically in preventing patient complications. Using Bloom’s framework and guiding staff members to review current documentation with data in small segments would allow staff members to focus on the important clues and draw accurate conclusions (Larkin & Burton, 2008). This framework allows the instructor to measure the outcomes of the educational activity while moving the learners from basic to higher levels of cognitive function (Larkin & Burton, 2008). Bloom’s Taxonomy’s in Nursing Education allows nurses to broaden the use of their critical thinking skills by researching the patients care. Through progress notes, labs work results, physicians orders, operative reports, and data collection worksheets allows a nurse to assemble a plan for the patient during his or her hospital
The environment aspect of metaparadigm for nursing, this gives us, as nurses, the opportunity to explore the patients demographics, mental concerns, and safety concerns when out of the hospital; this allows for us, the nurse, to have a better insight on ways in which we could improve their environmental factors while in the hospital. In my place of work,
Lastly, a reflection of findings will be discussed as to how nurses could contribute the information from the two interviews into their own professional growth and development. The first interview question pertained to the interviewee’s role in their current position and their educational preparation. The CRNA interviewed had an extensive emergency and critical care background, which applies greatly to his position today as he works in several areas, including the ICU, of the hospital where he is employed. The nurse educator was previously a nurse practitioner in a family practice office where she learned the patient teaching aspect that transitioned into her educational role today. Each interview participant explained the unique contributions they each made as nurses and brought to their interdisciplinary team.
By implementing scientific studies the research nurse pursue ways to improve medical and related services. Research can be used to make healthcare services more operational and proficient. It can be used to reduce patient injuries and nosocomial illnesses; it also can improve quality of life for patients with chronic illnesses. Health and wellness research nurses use research to assist in healthy lifestyles for patients (Nursing World, 2008). The Master’s prepared Nurse Collaborator has supplementary skills that give the nurse additional authority in the plan of care for the patient.