Henderson Nursing Theory

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Theoretical Overview of the Henderson Theory
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Introduction

In health care today, there are many challenges to providing quality of care. Organizations are in competition to provide the best possible care to patients. Another driver that is influencing patient care is the foreseen payment for performance initiative. In order to provide quality of care nurses must practice based on theory. This paper will display the theoretical framework of Virginia Henderson and include an educational plan and implementation of Henderson’s theory to a medical surgical unit. Overview Henderson defined nursing as helping people, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health and its recovery or to a peaceful death. They would perform these activities unaided if they had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge (Fitzpatrick & Whall, 2005). Henderson believed nurses need to teach the patient to care for self. She also believed that rehabilitation is the responsibility of the nurse. According to Fitzpatrick and Whall (2005), Virginia Henderson has 14 basic human needs that concern all people, which are: breathe normally, eat and drink adequately, eliminate by all avenues of elimination, move and maintain desirable posture (walking, sitting, lying, and changing from one side to the other, sleep and rest, select suitable clothing, dress, and undress, maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying the environment, keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument, avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuries, communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, etc., worship according to his or her faith, work at something that provides a sense of accomplishment, play or participate in various forms of recreation, and learn,
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