Outcome 1 - Know How to Recognise Signs of Abuse Define the following types of abuse Physical abuse Physical abuse involves contact causing intimidation, injury or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Sexual abuse The forcing of undesired or unwanted sexual behaviour by one person on another. Emotional/psychological abuse Involves threatening or taking actions against a person that may cause mental or physical harm or humiliation. Financial abuse The unauthorised use of a person’s property, money or other valuables. Institutional abuse The failure to provide professional and appropriate services to vulnerable people.
It can include rape, sexual assault, unwanted sexual acts, sexual acts with a person unable to give consent, subject to teasing or indecent exposure and innuendos. Signs of sexual abuse can be visual and also behavioural. This could include bruising around the genital area, scratches and abrasions, infections in the anal and genitals region, pregnancy, urine infections, blood in underwear, torn underwear. Behavioural may include unexpected or change in normal behaviour, unable to sleep, fear, depression, self-harming, substance misuse, refusal to undress, or shower. Emotional/psychological abuse this is usually linked to other abuse as all types of abuse causes emotional abuse in most people.
Individual flinching when approached by others. Sexual abuse – Sexual abuse is any form of a sexual nature including exploitation, inappropriate touching, and rape. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse may include, unexplained injuries/bruising to genital area. Genital soreness or infections, such as reoccurring UTI’S . Not wanting to be touched.
Unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, cowering or flinching. Feeling low, in pain or angry. Sexual abuse: Forcing an individual to behave in inappropriate sexual behaviour or take part in sexual activities these can include non penetrative as well as penetrative sexual acts and also forcing an individual to view inappropriate sexual material. Signs and symptoms include being withdrawn and fearful, disturbed sleep patterns, inappropriate dressing, genital infections, bruising around breasts or genitals, unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding, torn or stained underwear. Emotional/psychological abuse: Verbally abusing and swearing, threatening or invoking fear in an individual, devaluing self esteem causing feelings of worthlessness, bullying and exploitation.
Inappropriate touching, fondling, indecent exposure, penetration of vagina or anus by penis, fingers or other objects. Unwanted exposure to pornography or sexual acts. Psychological abuse includes emotional abuse, treats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation, or withdrawal form services or supportive networks, withholding affection, shouting, depriving the person of the right to choice, information and privacy. Behaviour that has a harmful effect on the vulnerable adult’s emotional health and development. Financial abuse includes theft, fraud, exploitation and pressure in connection with wills, property, financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possession or benefits.
Sexual abuse signs can be disturbing behaviour like self-harming, inappropriate sexual behaviour, depression, low self esteem and inability to form relationships. Emotional/psychological abuse This could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing. Emotional/psychological abuse signs can be withdrawn, loss of self esteem and self confidence. Financial Abuse This could be theft of money or valuables, misappropriate use of a person's finances and denying an individual access to there finances. Financial abuse signs can be insecurity, loss of trust, fearful and disappearance of possessions.
1.1 -Physical abuse is when another person is causing physical harm to another person with intention of hurting them -Sexual Abuse is when the forcing of any unwanted sexual activity by one person on another as by the use of threat or force. -Emotional/Psychological abuse is when someone is trying to control and manipulate another person through the use of fear, humiliation, intimidation and verbally abusing them. -Financial abuse is when someone is misusing the use of another person’s belongings whether money, property or valuables without that persons consent or not knowing. -Institutional abuse is when a company or organisation fails to provide appropriate and professional bodies to vulnerable people and failure to protect them while people are under their care. -Self-Neglect is when someone is harming themselves whether being self-abusing (cutting themselves) neglecting their personal hygiene (washing and dressing) refusing to eat or drink.
It any also include forcing someone to watch sexual activities * Emotional/Psychological Abuse: This can include bullying, threatening, devaluing individual self-esteem or conveying feelings of worthlessness, verbal abuse and swearing, imposing inappropriate expectations and exploitation * Financial Abuse includes theft of money or property, not allowing a person access to their finances, mismanagement of an individual’s finances * Institutional Abuse: Examples of this type of abuse are – misuse of authority, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, humiliation or bullying and denying privacy * Self- neglect: Individuals engaging in neglectful or self-harming behaviour for example, neglecting personal hygiene or causing harm to themselves * Neglect: Not caring for the basic needs of individuals including neglectful practice in washing, toileting, feeding and personal care 2.2. Identify the sign and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse * Physical abuse: Changes in behaviour, bruising, bite marks, can lead to death in extreme cases. * Sexual abuse: disturbed behaviour including self-harm, inappropriate sexualised behaviour, repeated urinary infections, depression, loss of self, difficulties forming relationships
Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care AI). Types of abuse Physical: Including hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking or injuring someone or misuse of medication. Sexual: Including rape, sexual assault or pressuring someone into sexual acts they haven’t consented to, don’t understand or feel powerless to refuse. Emotional: Including threats of harm or abandonment, isolation, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, or witholding services or supportive networks. Financial or material: Including theft, fraud, misuse of property, possessions, benefi ts, and deliberate or premeditated mismanagement of fi nances.
Discriminatory abuse can be classed as emotional abuse 4) Financial abuse can be described as the misuse of money valuables or property, through theft, fraud, use of intimidation, coercion and refusal/deprivation. 5) Institutional abuse is where the place i.e. care home, is the main abuser. It is when a person’s rights and individuality are ignored in favour of neglect, regimented rules and routines. 6) Self-neglect is when a person cannot or will not attend to their own basic personal needs.