In addition, management controls the process as well as providing the path, rules, and resources to reach the companies goal (Kumle, 2006). Roles of Managers and Leaders Some say that the difference between a manager and being a leader is that management is career while leadership is a calling. Being a leader, one has to have a clearly defined convictions and most importantly, the courage of one’s convictions to see them manifest into reality (Kossoff, 2011). Effective leadership skills are developed and refined by time, experience, and a true desire to be more than just a manager, but a true leader. What roles do managers and leaders play in today’s environment?
Managers of an organisation manage: themselves, people and relationships, policies and procedures, environments, financial and physical resources, information and technology, ideas, operations and processes. Leaders and managers demonstrate ethical behaviour when they: * match action to vision and espoused values * do what they say they will do * treat employees and society with respect * give as much as they receive As a leader, I am a model those behaviours, and to promote ethical workplace behaviours I should make clear expectations * lead by example * provide appropriate coaching, mentoring and
This paper will explain the difference between leadership and management, explain characteristics of an effective leader, and last illustrate views of leadership. The term leadership and management are assuming to be the same. However, there are noticeable differences between the two. Leaders guide their employees to success and maintain an open communication within their unit. Leaders seem to instill a sense of significance in the workforce by giving employees the power of their vision and values (Kilbort, 2004).
The third and last element is involves providing information with administration support to other managers including staff. The goal of strategic job analysis is specification of the tasks to be performed and the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) required for effective performance for a job as it is predicted to exist in the future (Schneider & Andrea, 1989).With all the details given and skills used as a Human Resource manager a company is put in good hands making sure complications and conflicts are taken care of throughout all of the company. It is very imperative that job analysis are used in companies. Human Resource managers are highly trained to oversee departments throughout the whole company while using different methods to ensure nothing goes wrong that could cause the company any kind of trouble. These methods used improves the conditions
This human resources philosophy is the organizational communication style used at Marshall’s. Blake and Mouton developed what is commonly referred to as the Leadership Grid. The assumption is company leaders are most effective when they have a high concern for both the employee and production, which is characterized by a 9,9 management style. Furthermore, Likert, takes human resources a step further by identifying forms an organization can take and these forms are labeled System I though System IV. He advocates the company that exhibits a higher level system, enhances participation of individuals and thus, the performance of the organization.
Leaders have to set the standard by being empathic, supportive and use a range of different leadership styles to develop and maintain the team, they also have be fair and consistent, as workers that feel they are unfairly treated by a manager will not show loyalty and will do the minimum. The leader also has to demonstrate capability and experience, as having workers that are more highly achieving than the leader breeds resentment. Tuckman (1965) described the stages of team development as ‘Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing. As teams travel through these stages trust, respect and understanding of individual’s strengths and tolerance of their weaknesses is established. This process allows individuals to learn about each other personalities, coping strategies and response to pressure, allowing for bonds between members to be formed.
Controlling is when a manager makes certain that a plan is in place and followed by each affected area of the organization. Next would be organizing the staff to make sure each employee has the right skills to work on the plan and making certain that the plans are followed. Next would be organizing and directing and deciding what resources are most effective for the task at hand and how to use these resources. The reason for this is so that the organization runs smoothly and effectively. The last element is decision making and managers must do this after reviewing the choices from the information and the alternatives given in the reports or logs.
When you think about HRM what is the first thing that comes to your mind. Do you believe that HRM focus on compensation and benefits, safety and health or recruitment inside of a company? In reality all of these components and more are needed to contain a excellent HRM. An effective human resource management process sets the foundation for excellence. By focusing attention on setting understandable performance expectation, it will help the employees know what is expected of them to be successful on the job.
Managers have the responsibility and power to make decisions and oversee companies. A leader will be able to think and act creatively in difficult situations. Leadership unlike management cannot be taught, but can be enhanced by mentoring or coaching. Hersey and Blanchard 1972, Situational leadership. Hersey and Blanchard believed that a person’s readiness was the situational characteristic that determined the combination of task and a person’s behavior.
Whereas Walters (1995), states that “It is not even only about meeting individual objectives. It is about directing and supporting employees to work as effectively and efficiently as possible in line with the needs of the organisation.” Performance appraisal is a process that usually begins with the appraiser, often the manager, setting objectives and action plans for each individual employee. These are job specific and are based on the abilities of the jobholder. It is often a one-to-one discussion and it provides both the employee and the employer with the opportunity to take an overall view of the performance of each individual. Foot and Hook (2008:249) displays the work of Randell et al.