Unformed Public Services Unit 1.1

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P1,m1 European Parliament The European Parliament is the only directly elected body of the European Union that there are 736 Members of the European Parliament who are there to represent you, the citizen. They are elected every five years by voter’s right across the 27 Member States of the European Union on behalf of its 500 million citizens. The Parliament’s role is to draft legislation which has an impact across all European Union states on issues such as: -The environment -Equal opportunities -Transport -Consumer rights -Movement of workers and good Central government It is the layer of government which operates across the UK. It is normally located in capital city and has specific responsibilities than other of level of government doesn’t have. For examples: -Agreements with other nations -Making laws -Defending the nation The Uk central government is based at the Palace of Westminster in London. It got the major central political institutions of the UK: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Together with ruling monarch, these institutions are known as the Parliament. Devolved parliaments UK devolution created a national Parliament in Scotland, a national Assembly in Wales and a national Assembly in Northern Ireland. This process transferred varying levels of power from the UK Parliament to the UK's nations but kept authority over the devolved institutions in the UK Parliament. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all held successful referendums on devolution in the late 1990s. This led to the establishment of separate Parliaments or Assemblies and the democratic election of officials. Devolved powers are decisions that Parliament used to control, but are now taken by the separate bodies, E.G. the Scottish Parliament. This could include matters like education or health. Reserved powers are those decisions that
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