An example of constitutional reform that addresses this is devolution; more specifically the Scottish and Welsh devolution referendums in the UK. In 1997 Labour held a referendum on whether there should be a Scottish parliament or not and if they should have tax-varying powers. This was voted yes-yes and therefore shows how devolution has helped to decentralise power away from the UK parliament because the Scottish parliament can decide some things for themselves which directly relate to their people. The Welsh referendum also held in 1997 was on whether Wales should have a welsh assembly, this was also voted yes with 50.3% of votes. Devolution is when power is devolved from a more centralised body, in the UK this is shown by Parliament, and moving it to more local or regional bodies that have more definite decision making powers.
The role of the EP is to draft the law that has an impact across all of the EU states on issues such as the environment, equal opportunities, transport, consumer rights and the movement of workers and goods. Central Government The central government is based in the palace of Westminster in London and is the layer of government that operates across the whole of the country. It has very specific responsibilities that no other level of government is able to do. For example the central government sign treaties or agreements with other nations, they also make the laws and defend the nation. The central government contains the major central political institutions of the UK, these are the house of commons and the house of lords.
Firstly, the stages of making an Act of Parliament are initiated by the pre-legislative process. In the UK, the most common pattern of legislation is that of Public Bills, which are introduced by government ministers and change the general law. They can furthermore be introduced by other MPs In the UK, the most common pattern of legislation is that of Public Bills, which are presented by government ministers and change the general law. They can furthermore be presented by other MP’s. In this case they are called Private Member’s Bills.
HOW WELL DOES THE PARLIAMENT FULFILL ITS FUNCTIONS? Parliament is the name given to the representative bodies in many states. Often known as the “legislature”, Parliament has important roles such as making law, calling government into account and representing the community. Recently, the extent to which the Parliament fulfilled its functions has been a controversial issue in the UK as some people claimed that the Westminster Palace had not operated well. In this essay, we will consider the performance of UK Parliament in 3 main functions: making laws, representation and controlling the Executive.
The last is the judicial branch. All are separated and have different jobs assignment but comes together to help resolve issues. Thus, the centerpiece of our systems is the doctrine of Separations of Powers that constitutionally assigned duties to the three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial to distinct and have checks and balances on each branch to prevent abuse of power from the government; it is to keep a democracy. The legislative branch internally has its’ own way of balancing powers. As you know the Legislative Branch is broken up into two parts or houses of the federal government of the United States of America consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Understanding the different levels of government in the UK and he democratic election process at each level. In this assignment I will be outlining the responsibilities for the different levels of government in the UK which are- local government, regional government, devolved government, central government and European government, I will explain in detail about the responsibilities of the different levels of government in the UK, write about different institutions in the government process such as the monarchy, house of commons, and house of lords. I will also include the main roles of the government such as prime minister, government ministers, members of parliament, mayors and council members. The government departments that is responsible for the public services such as Ministry Of Defence. Local Government, the local government are responsible for a number of different things which include the registration of births, deaths and marriages, cemeteries and crematoriums, education, emergency planning, environmental health, highways and traffic, housing, libraries, planning and development, public transport, and tax and council tax collections.
The House of Representatives, or House for short, is currently composed of four hundred and thirty-five members. Each of the fifty states is allocated one or more representatives based on its population as calculated by the decennial once in ten years. Each state is guaranteed at least one representative. The people of each district vote to elect one representative to Congress. States that have only one representative allocated choose at-large representatives- the state votes as one entire district.
Currently in the UK, Parliament consists of the House of Lords, the House of Commons - and, traditionally although less vitally, the Monarch. Each of the houses is expected to play a vital role and perform six specific functions which entail different factors in order to fulfil their individual roles. However, due to the recent formation of a coalition government, the question has arisen as to just how effective Parliament is and whether there should be a constitutional change to either of the houses in order to enhance its effectiveness and improve democracy in the UK. One of the functions required by each house is that of representation. The House of Commons is made up of MPs who each represent a constituency.
This Governmental style has been used in the recent year in the form of Thatcher, Blair and Brown all of who practised this in some degree to get what they wanted. The idea of an elective dictatorship is derived from the fact that the UK Governments can do as they so well please until their next election. The main problem with the elected dictatorship of government is that the power will be concentrating into just one body of parliament allowing the majority party to do as they wish for their term. Also though as John Griffiths said the constitution is what happens in the country leading to the Governmental party doing whatever they had wished. An elective dictatorship would also have the power to overrule the entire parliament as they tend to have the majority resulting in extreme left or right views, such as the right to buy schemes under the Tory governments.
Much like the US constitution, the Czech constitution divides the government in to three branches: Legislative – Cabinet Judicial-Constitutional court Executive- President Most recently, the constitution was amended to assimilate the country in to the EU and provide for election of the president by popular vote. The political system is a parliamentary democracy with most of the power remaining with the prime minister and parliament. Currency The currency in Czech Republic is Czech Crown (international symbol CZK). The CZK currently exchanges for 0.038 US