How effectively does Congress fulfil its constitutional roles? To start of this essay we must first understand what the role of Congress actually is? The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is the law-maker which is the primary and most important function of the legislature. It is through laws that policies of government are laid down for implementation.
If the government loses support of the lower house then it must resign. Royal Assent: Royal assent is the signing of a proposed law by the Crown’s representative before it becomes a law. Separation of powers: The principle of separation of powers refers to the fact that there are three separate types of powers in our parliamentary system. These are legislative power, executive power and judicial power. Judicial power is separate from legislative power and executive power.
A government refers to the legislatures and administrators who control a state at any given time, and is the system of government by which they are organized. Governments enforce policies, as well as determining what should be put into policy. Each government is made up of individuals who exercise control over political decision making and policy making. The function of government is to enforce laws, legislate new ones, and control conflict. The government is in certain ways a means of controlling the people of the respective countries, and making sure the people have specific rights.
Under Article I of the Constitution however, Congress holds many exclusive and monumentary powers, including but not limited to: budgetary powers (taxation, control of national debt), military powers (declare war), lawmaking (passing federal legislation), representation of constituents, investigation, and serving its consittuents. Congress also has dominion over other branches of government: the House of Representatives, for example, holds control over impeaching governement officials and controls the budget for other branches. The Senate must approve treaties and holds power to confirm or unapprove “...federal judgeships, ambassadorships, and cabinet level posts” (Katznelson, Kesselman, Draper, p.45).
An amendment is ratified if three-fourths of the states legislatures voted for it or by conventions in three-fourths of the states. (b) Two informal methods that have been used to change the meaning of the Constitution are judicial interpretation and incorporation of traditions, precedent and practice. Judicial interpretation is the way which the Supreme Court chooses how the Constitution is to be interpreted to the extent of most constitutional. Interpretation can be changing with changing times, socially and culturally. Judicial review was established through judicial interpretation in court case Marbury v. Madison.
The legislative branch contains The House of Representatives and The Senate. The House of Representatives and The Senate are responsible for establishing new laws, changing current laws or illuminating current laws. The executive branch is home to President and the Vice President. The President is elected by the people and chooses the members of his cabinet. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Courts and Federal Courts.
Erik Hansen The judicial branch... the ones who really sit on top In the United States we are supposed to have a government with three equal branches to it that share the same amount of power to be used to keep each other in balance. It is hard to tell if that is actually the case though. Most would think that the president, since they are always in public eye, holds the most power. Congress has is also often in the public eye, with cspan, and elections, but the Supreme Court judges are simply appointed to a life long position unless they do something outrages. There would need to be a lot of checks in order to balance this major power supply.
Understanding our legal system through the different roles given to our Federal courts and State courts. There are three equal branches of government: executive branch, legislative branch and the judicial branch. Federal and state courts are part of the judicial branch of government. It is the job of the judicial branch to apply and interpret the law and mediate any issues that occur under them. Neither branch federal nor state can oversee functions reserved for the other branches.
The Great Compromise was an official contract for the big and small states that have two representatives in the upper house for each state. The Constitution addressed the weaknesses by letting the central government specific privileges. The Compromise or The Great Compromise,
Presidential government is often associated with the theory of the separation of powers which was popular in the eighteenth century when the American constitution was framed. The American political system is therefore the model and prototype of presidential government The assembly remains an assembly only: parliamentary theory implies that the second phase of the constitutional develepmoent, in which the assembly and judiciary claim their own areas of jurisdiction alongside the executive, shall give way to a third in which assembly and government are fused into parliament. Presidential theory on the other hand requires the assembly to remain separate as in the second phase. some believe the rigid constitution has prevented the “natural” development of the American political system towards parliamentarism. congress remains an assembly only.