It is through laws that policies of government are laid down for implementation. It does however have many constitutional roles to fulfil such as the power of the purse, oversight, foreign policy and legislation. It can be argues that Congress does fulfil its constitutional roles as it may deliver effective over sighting, legislation, money bills, representation and foreign policy that may provide good checks and balances. However, most would argue that Congress may not carry its roles effectively thus leading to poor scrutiny (sometimes over scrutinising) which leads to ineffective fulfilment of constitutional roles. The principle organ of the US state is to legislate, represent and scrutinise the other, safely separated, branches of the government.
The presidency comes with vast arrays of roles and responsibilities: approving/vetoing every bill passed, making sure laws made by congress are carried out, and simply presiding over meetings of the association. But the presidents many responsibilities are constrained due to the Separation of powers, the Constitution, and Federalism. Without these constraints, the President would have all the power he wanted, essentially having a monarchy not a democracy. For instance, separation of powers creates three separate branches of government, each with their own special powers. The Constitution creates reliability, making the president co-operate with the other branches of government.
Therefore, parliament is still sovereign because it can make or unmake any law it wishes. The second element of parliamentary sovereignty is legislative supremacy. In many liberal democracies, a constitutional court, eg, the Supreme Court in the US, has the power to declare
Yoo “argues that the language of the constitution, long-accepted precedents, and the practical need for a speedy action in emergencies all support broad executive power during war.”(Taking sides p73). Yoo describes that the constitution examines the two branches power- the president as Commander-in-chief and congress with control over funding and declaring war. The Framers made it this way to be more flexible and create a more deceive action instead of going through the legislative process. Yoo believes that the President has unilateral war powers based on what is written in the Constitution and does not need Congress approval Michael Cairo on the hand thinks different. He believes the founding fathers never envisioned to grant exclusive war powers to the president.
Below are the powers of each branch. Our Legislative Branch does many things. Including the following; the main job of our Legislative Branch is to make the laws. It is made up of the senate and the House of Representatives. They also lay and collect taxes, declare war, coin money, provide for the army and navy, and decide on tax laws.
For any bill to become a law, both houses of Congress must have a majority vote of approval for it to move on to the next step of legislation. Also, just like the Framers envisioned in 1787, representative government serves as a check on the rest of government, therefore preventing tyranny. Finally, Congress has the power to impeach the president, which is one of the defining powers that sets the United States apart from other countries. We citizens can also help preserve this culture of liberty in our own ways. It can be as small as just exercising our birth rights as U.S. citizens.
Till the end of the 19th century the structure of the presidency was extremely different from the one we have today. The president was not the dominating power of the country. He was possibly even not equal to the Congress (Greenberg 244). Moreover, the President had to carry out only what Congress had decided. So Congress had more rights and responsibilities than
The constitution gives the Supreme Court the power to check, if necessary, the actions of the President and congress. It can tell a President that his actions are not allowed by the Constitution. It can tell Congress that a law it passed violated the U.S. Constitution and is, therefore, no longer a law. It can also tell the government of a state that one of its laws breaks a rule in the Constitution. The Supreme Court is the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress, and the highest law of all — the Constitution (Scholastic,
Discuss the claim that the president is merely 'bargainer-in-chief The chief power of the president is the 'power to persuade this is the ability to bargain, encourage, and even cajole but not dictate. The ability of US presidents to get their own way depends on four crucial relationships: Congress, the federal bureaucracy, the Supreme Court and the mass media, as well as the issue of foreign and domestic policy. The president's relationship with Congress is undoubtedly the most crucial. The success of particular presidents, for instance, is often measured in terms of their 'success rate' with Congress, the proportion of their legislative programme that manages to survive congressional scrutiny. However, following the Vietnam War and the
History essay * Presidents have become more powerful over time If you do win, the power rush is huge. The President of the United States is certainly the most powerful person in the world—but, interestingly, the Constitution's drafters did not expect this to be the case. In fact, James Madison, the Constitution's principal architect, worried that the "balance of powers" tilted toward the House of Representatives. Madison believed that its control over taxes and spending and its ability to make laws that narrowed the powers of the executive and the judiciary made the legislative branch the real center of national power. But from the start, presidents worked to protect and expand their turf—and they generally succeeded.