For, every state is a Republic as guaranteed by the Constitution, and every state has its own form of House of Representatives and Senate. In Section 2 it reads “the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature”, and that in short words means that the state can set its own prerequisites along with the ones already in place by the federal government. This is another way Americans can be represented in government because each state can vote on prerequisites that coincide with their own views and Beliefs. Than on the other hand the Federal government
A constitutional monarchy is when the monarch is the head of state and they can influence who is in parliament. By appointing Pitt the Younger as Prime Minister, King George III carried out patronage, patronage is granting favours or making appointments to parliament in return for political support. Without the support of the king, Pitt would not have become Prime Minister to begin with. Pitt also managed to remain as Prime Minister
Firstly on of the fundamental features of democracy is that it establishes and protects freedom. Democracy should ensure that no government can threaten freedom unless it is with the expressed consent of the people. This is certainly true of the United Kingdom as the European Commission of Human Rights Parliament remains sovereign. Also the UK signed up to the Social Chapter of the European Union which guarantees a variety of employment and other economic rights. However, Parliament is sovereign and civil rights and liberties have been put suspended but only in the interests of law and order or national security.
Explain custom and its role in Scots law. 1. Scotland is a part United Kingdom and does not have its own right to make a law without approval. As a part of United Kingdom Scotland has a right to make decisions under only certain legislations. There is also a higher power on top of UK which is European Union that needs to approve any decisions of law making made by UK.
Any government at any given time can change what they wish. These elements infer that any parliament has complete sovereignty and power over everyone and the laws they wish to pass. Historically, Scotland has always demanded more power over its own parliament. The passing of the Scotland Act in 1998 gave Scotland control over its own health care and education. This can be seen by Scottish elderly patients who have free healthcare, unlike the rest of the UK due to Scottish Parliament implementing this.
The House of Representatives originates and spends bills. The Senate impeaches officials and approves treaties. The soul duty of the Legislative Branch is to make Laws. “Under the Constitution, Congress has legislative authority, but that power is partly shared with other branches and thus checked by them” (Patterson 51). This describes that the legislative branch does not have power over any other branch of government; there is checks and balances always occurring throughtout the government.”Within Cogress, there is a further check on legislative power: for legislation to passed, a majority in each chamber of Congress is required” (Patterson 51).
The Magna Carta acknowledged some of the basic human rights such as property rights, protection from over taxation, and the rights of due process. Essentially, the Magna Carta was the beginning stages for our modern democracy, a document that would start limiting the power of the king and expressing the freedom of men. The government is divided into three bodies within the Constitution: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches. The first article in the Constitution focuses on the establishing of Congress, which immediately shows the authors' view on the significance of the representative side of government. Congress would compose of elected officials from all states, and have the power to propose and pass laws.
The Elastic Clause states that Congress shall have the power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carting into execution the foregoing powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof (Angel&Gerberg). Jefferson as a strict constructionist believed that this would give Congress unlimited power. The relevance of constitution interpretation in our time is that when the constitution was written they could not see into our time the 21st century and therefore we need interpretation to help with the problems that arise in our
In this essay, we will consider the performance of UK Parliament in 3 main functions: making laws, representation and controlling the Executive. The name “legislature” suggests that Parliament has something to do with making law. Although this is not the primary function, but still, undoubtedly appropriate as most laws certainly have to get the assent from both Houses ( the Lords and the Commons ) and Parliament can amend or defeat any law easily. Debates on bills constitute about 40% of the time spent on the floor of the Houses and in theory give backbenchers-people who support the government or the opposition, opportunity to infuence the shape of legislation with their speech. Along with the rising number of back-bench rebellions and MPs defeating government’s proposals such as the Syria war in 2011, it can be seen that Parliament is performing well in making laws.
The Parliament consists of the House of Lords and House of Commons -which include various party representatives. Lord Hailsham stated that the UK has an “elective dictatorship” implying that executive is able to dominate the legislature. It could be argued that parliament does control executive power because parliament has scrutiny features such as Prime Minister's Questions, Ministerial question time and select committees, which all make the government and its executive powers accountable for their decision making. However to some extent it could be argued that parliament does not control executive power effectively, due to the fact that the government naturally has an in built majority within the House of Commons, as well as that the whipping system and the ideology of ‘toeing the party line’ results in the executive powers having the ability to gain a majority of support from the House of Commons. Furthermore the increase in prime-ministerial or even ‘presidential’ government in the UK, with the leader of the executive having accumulated more power, makes it more difficult for Parliament to control executive power.