The Chancellor was the chief executive member of the Reichstag, and commander in chief of armed forces, and was appointed by the President on the basis of party numbers, the ability of the individual, and the wishes of other members. The Chancellor could be removed by the President for misconduct or for breaching the terms of the constitution. The Chancellor and ministers were obliged to resign also in the event the Reichstag passed a vote of no confidence. The Chancellor was, in principle, the leading political and administrative civil servant but, in practice, became only a committee chairman during the early days of the Weimar constitution. Only with the rise of Adolf Hitler from 1933 did the Chancellor begin to employ the full powers contained within
How far do you think Russia had moved in the direction of a parliamentary system of government by 1914? A parliamentary system of government is where there is a government in which members of the cabinet are appointed from elected members of an assembly, and in order to remain in power, must hold the vote of the majority. Right from 1613, Russia had been an autocracy ruled by Tsars. The tsar had no limits on his power and one of the Tsars strongest supporters was the official State Church, the Russian Orthodox Church. The Tsar had advisers, but he was not bound to listen to their advice, and laws were made by imperial decree.
Germany is made up of sixteen states, several of which have the names of the separate territories from pre-1871 Germany, such as Brandenburg, Bavaria, and Saxony. That much of Germany existed as separate territories for so long a time, there are differences between different regions of Germany reflecting the different cultural traditions of those regions. Today, Germany has a population of about 82 million; it is the largest European nation, by population. There are 4 cities with more than 1 million inhabitants, and another 11 cities with a population between 490,000 and 690,000. A little over 80% of the population is ethnic Germans.
This was evidenced by the end of XVIII century -- new literary and historical works, defended Czech and replaced German and familiarized with the history of the Czech land and its people. After the Battle of the White Mountain (1620) Czech land became a part of the Habsburg Empire. A long period of the Counter-Reformation, cruel feudal oppression German policy began. Oppressors had sought to eradicate Hussite tradition, memories of Europe's first feudal peasant war and the Czech statehood in the minds of "heretical" people. Gentry and the vast majority of the urban population were Germanized.
To answer this question one has to first describe and provide reasons for the rules which govern the legislative powers of the House of Lords in comparison to those of the House of Commons. To properly appreciate the rules one should determine the composition of the people who are subject to the rules first. Each member of the House of Commons represents a constituent of the UK and is voted for by that constituent, voting takes place once every term of parliament. Members of the House of Lords are selected not on a voting basis and are chosen from one of the two following methods. Hereditary members are those who inherit their status as from their family, non-hereditary members are chosen by the prime minister in recognition to their expertise to become life peers.
(A) what role does the US Constitution and Congress play in creating tax law? As per the Article I of the US Constitution, all legislative powers are vested in a Congress of the United States, which consists of a Senate and House of Representatives. The Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States. All bills for raising revenue originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills. Every bill which passes the House of Representatives and the Senate is presented to the President of the United States before it become a law.
Russia and Germany both have a multi-party system that is being controlled by one party, causing their distribution of authority to be slightly more concentrated than it should be. General Information The semi-presidential system used in Russia is relatively new and was established in hopes to avoid some of the weaknesses seen in Parliamentary and Presidential systems. In Russia, the head of state (the President) and the head of government (the Prime Minister) share the power of the executive. This aspect of the head of state and head of government sharing the executive power is what distinguishes Russia’s semi-presidential system from the others. The President is elected by a voting process similar to those in Presidential systems.
Official Name: Ghana Capital: Accra Independence: The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan African nation to do so, and the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of west Africa. Ghana is a member of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and an associate member of La Francophonie. Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world and is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area. Location: located in West Africa. It is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.
The German Emperor has considerable powers, he had personal control over the armed forces and he could appoint and dismiss all ministers including the Chancellor. Secondly, the Federal Council (Bundesrat) represented the different states of the Empire. It had 58 members. It had the powers to change the constitution however no change could be made if the 14 delegated from Prussia did not approve. Thirdly, the parliament was elected by universal male suffrage and secret ballot.
equally important is the election of the president at the time of the assembly election. The head of the government is head of state: Whereas in pre-parliamentary monarchies the head of state was also the head of the government, in the presidential system it is the head of the government who becomes at the same time head of state. The president appoints heads of departments who are his subordinates: In parliamentarism the prime minister appoints his colleagues who together with him form the government. In presidential systems the president appoints secretaries, who are heads of his executive departments. The