Vascular dementia is caused when there is a reduction in the blood flow to the brain. Over time, this can damage the parts of the brain which play a large part of a person memory, speech and attention. A stroke can play a part in this type of dementia when it narrows the blood vessels to the brain. Dementia with Lewy Bodies is caused by lumps of protein which builds up inside nerve cells inside the brain, the proteins damage the nerve cells and how they work, these nerves are responsible for thinking, memory and movement of a person. Dementia with Lewy Bodies can be closely related to Parkinsons Disease and there is a theory that Dementia with Lewy Bodies interferes with two neurotransmitters called dopamine and acetylcholine which assist in the brains functions.
Unit 13 Understand the process and experience of Dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of the dementia syndrome Dementia is word that describes a group of symptoms such as memory loss, mood changes, confusion and difficulties with day to day tasks. there are four commonly known types of dementia Alzheimer's being the most common. scientists have discovered that with Alzheimer's disease two abnormal proteins build up in the brain they then form clumps which are referred to as 'plaques' or 'tangles' these interfere with how the brain cells work and communicate with one another. these 'plaques' or 'tangles' are usually first found in the part of the brain where new memories are made, so this is why we see short term memory loss occur. Another type of dementia is Vascular dementia this is caused when there is not enough blood flowing through the brain and so essential oxygen and nourishments don't get to the brains cells which causes the brain cells to die.
DEM 201 – Dementia Awareness. DEM 201.1 - Understand what dementia is 1.1 – Explain what is meant by the term “dementia”. “Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to do things they are used to doing as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die.” 1.2 – Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: * Frontal Lobe – This is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us * Parietal Lobe – This is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.
Dementia Awareness Q1.1) Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. A) Dementia is a term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. It’s a progressive disease that affected the brain’s cognitive functions. Q1.2) Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for.
Rachel Pearson Unit 13: Understanding the Process and Experience of Dementia Unit Code: DEM 301 Unit reference number: J/601/3538 Section 1 - Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome? Dementia syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms, in which cause damage to cells in the brain. The most common causes are neurodegenerative diseases; this includes Alzheimer’s, Vascular, and Frontotemporal, lewy bodied, Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease (CJD) and Huntington disease. With these diseases the brain cells degenerate and die more quickly than the normal ageing process. This leads to the decline of a person’s mental health and sometimes physical abilities.
1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is the term used to describe a group of symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by certain diseases and conditions. Symptoms are progressive and degenerative and as more brain cell get damaged or die, a gradual loss of memory and decline in other intellectual functions which affects a person’s ability to remember, make rational judgments or communicate and is serious enough to interfere with performing the tasks of daily life. There are many different types of dementia, both inherited and non-inherited forms, with Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular dementia the most commonly diagnosed type. Dementia can occur to anyone at any age from damage to the cardiovascular system or a family history of Alzheimer’s disease, although it is most commonly associated with aging.
This can be caused by a stroke or hardening or thickening of the artery walls which impedes the flow of blood. The vascular system can also be damaged by heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. The brain cells eventually die and this leads to the onset of vascular dementia. If these conditions are treated early enough the onset of dementia may be delayed or even halted. There are different types of vascular dementia and they are dependent on which part of the brain has been damaged and how the damage was caused, as different parts of the brain control different functions of the mind and body.
NCFE Level 2 Certificate in the Principles of Dementia care (600/6355/5) Unit 01: Dementia awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Answer: The term dementia' describes a set of symptoms caused by damage to the brain like confusion in a familiar place, loss of memory, changes in mood, and problems with thinking, reading, communication and reasoning. There are several types of Dementia. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Answer: The hippocampus this is the main area affected by Dementia it is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions.
1. Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Referring to the degeneration (decline) of various functions governed by the central nervous system, including motor reactions memory and learning capabilities, problem solving etc. These functions normally decline with age, but several dementia syndromes result from pathological organic deterioration of the brain. Dementia is a common condition that affects about 700,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65.
A Critical Evaluation of Current Practices, Interventions and Treatments In Relation to Dementia Introduction ‘Dementia’ in its broad sense, is defined as a set of symptoms including mood changes, memory loss, and problems with communicating and reasoning. These symptoms are likely to occur as a result of brain damage by diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Dementia is a progressive disease, meaning that the symptoms would get worse as time progresses (Alzheimer’s Society, 2012). In other words, the term Dementia is used to describe symptoms of a wide range of illnesses, which cause a gradual, progressive decline in the cognition of a person, and his ability to function. The changes that occur affect the social,