Recent studies suggest that mixed dementia is more common than previously thought. There are many other rarer causes of dementia, including Binswanger's Disease and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. People with motor neurone disease, Parkinson's disease and MS (Multiple sclerosis) and Huntington's disease can also have an increased risk of developing dementia. 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia are, memory problems which can include forgetfulness with the most recent events being forgotten first for e.g. misplacing objects or going to the shop and not remembering what was needed.
How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. 2) Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia: The key functions that are affected by dementia are: * Temporal Lobe – Responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning. * Frontal Lobe – Responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions. * Parietal Lobe – Responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness.
Optional unit understand the process and experience of dementia. 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome. The causes of dementia vary however all are irreversible changes that have occurred in the brain. The most common causes are called neurodegenerative diseases; these include Alzheimer's, front temporal and Lewy body disease. These diseases cause the brain cells degenerate and die more quickly than the normal ageing process.
Unit 4222-365 Understand the process and experience of dementia. Outcome 1 1,,A range of causes of dementia syndrome can be death of nerve or loss of communication between nerve cells,, Multiple cognitive deflects including memory impairment,, problems wiyh speach, failure to recognise people and decline in overall mental function. 2,, The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia can be a decline in memory function results in the loss of memories of recent events/ Mobility can be affected as a result of short-term memory deficit; individuals can feel lost and wander away from their known surroundings,, / Problem solving can become a major issue as individuals find it increasingly difficult to learn new skills/ Loss of memory means that the ability to communicate is reduced as individuals tend to ask the same question over and over again or lose the thread of the conversation. 3,, Individuals with dementia experience difficulties interpreting the world due to incorrect processing of information in the brain. This can result in significant problems with perception and communication, including the ability to articulate feelings, frustration, stress and fear.
Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. It is often the case that the person's family and friends are more concerned about the symptoms than the person may be themselves. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are - affected by dementia temporal lobe = responsible foe vision, memory,laugage, hearing,learning frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotions parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness occipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to vision cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression is common in the elderly especially those in instituional care setting and those with chronic medical conditions Symptoms of depression in the elderly may include:- - No energy - No appetite - Problems with memory and concentration - difficulty sleeping - Diminished functioning - Vauge back and neck pain
Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning- thinking, remembering, and reasoning- to such an extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life and activities (AD fact sheet, 2010). AD is a progressive disease of the brain, which is characterized by a gradual loss of memory and other mental functions (Medina xi, pg. 2). As we age our risk of becoming victim to this degenerative disease becomes greater. One out of two Americans
Unit 40 Working With Dementia Milestone 1 P1 + P2 the types of dementia includes Alzheimer's disease, this the most common cause for dementia. Dementia is a group of symptoms associated with a decline in the way the brain functions which affects the memory and the way people behave. In alzheimer's disease there is a large loss of brain cells it is unknown to how it is caused the thoughts to the increased risk of developing this is increasing age, a family history of the condition so in the genes, previous severe head injuries and lifestyle factors and conditions associated with vascular disease, which is also another type of dementia. There is also other forms of dementia such as pick's disease, this is a dementia with Lewy bodies which is also a common form of dementia affecting over 100,00 people, although it affects a lot it is still relatively rare and causes slow shrinking of brain cells due to excess protein build up. The term dementia describes the loss of mental ability associated with gradual death of brain cells.
In dementia some of these cells stop working properly. The part of the brain that this occurs in will affect how that person thinks, remembers and communicates. Senile dementia is a term that refers to dementia in people aged over 65. It is not uncommon for people under the age of 65 to develop dementia. This is known as early onset dementia.
basics of alzheimer’s disease What it is and what you can do Basics of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s (AHLZ-high-merz) is a disease of the brain that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. It is not a normal part of aging. Alzheimer’s gets worse over time. Although symptoms can vary widely, the first problem many people notice is forgetfulness severe enough to affect their ability to function at home or at work, or to enjoy lifelong hobbies. Other symptoms include confusion, getting lost in familiar places, misplacing things and trouble with language.
2 How dementia affects decision-making Dementia is the umbrella term for a number of conditions which cause damage to the brain cells. The most common form is Alzheimer’s disease which has a gradual progression. The next most common type is vascular dementia which has a step-like progression. About one in four people with Parkinson’s disease also develop dementia. Short-term memory loss, disorientation and loss of concentration are common symptoms.