Unit Dem201 Nvq Level 2

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1. Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Referring to the degeneration (decline) of various functions governed by the central nervous system, including motor reactions memory and learning capabilities, problem solving etc. These functions normally decline with age, but several dementia syndromes result from pathological organic deterioration of the brain. Dementia is a common condition that affects about 700,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65. Dementia is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) associated with an on-going decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with: • memory loss • thinking speed • mental agility • language • understanding • judgement People with dementia can become apathetic or uninterested in their usual activities, and have problems controlling their emotions. They may also find social situations challenging, lose interest in socialising, and aspects of their personality may change. A person with dementia may lose empathy (understanding and compassion), they may see or hear things that other people do not (hallucinations), or they may make false claims or statements. As dementia affects a person's mental abilities, they may find planning and organising difficult. Maintaining their independence may also become a problem. A person with dementia will therefore usually need help from friends or relatives, including help with decision making.1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Depending on the area of the brain affected, the function will be affected. For example damage of the temporal lobe will have an effect on: • Language

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