Totalitarianism In Cambodia Essay

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A current example of a totalitarian style of government is in Cambodia. This country has had a rough history, and the future isn’t looking very bright either. Past and present leaders of Cambodia have caused this darkness by leading the people into poverty and fear. All of this depression started in 20th century when the French ruled Cambodia. The citizens of Cambodia longed to be an independent country. France denied Cambodia of its freedom until 1949, when Cambodia was granted independence within the French Union. Soon after, the French-Indochinese War began, and Norodom Sihanouk received full military control of Cambodia. Sihanouk was a very controversial ruler. In 1955, Sihanouk resigned from power, and never again returned to the throne. Although he never regained full control of Cambodia, Sihanouk made some important decisions for Cambodia as chief of state. One of these important decisions was that Cambodia would not join any side in the Vietnam War. This choice did not mean that Cambodia wouldn’t be directly affected by the war. North Vietnamese soldiers intruded Cambodia and used the country as their refuge. At the same time, a communist movement, the Khmer Rouge, began pressuring the government as well. In 1970, the Khmer Rouge started anti-Vietnamese riots, and Sihanouk was overthrown by General Lon Nol. The Vietnam Peace Agreement of 1973 set removal of foreign forces from Cambodia, but the fighting did not end. The people of Cambodia hated their corrupt government, so they followed the lead of the Khmer Rouge. Two years later, Lon Nol was overthrown by the leader of the Khmer Rouge, Pol Pot. Cambodia became a horrible, terrifying place while under the rule of Pol Pot. All citizens were ordered to evacuate the city of Phnom Penh, for Pol Pot’s personal reasons. Cambodia’s people began to hate and fear their country’s
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