However, the USA in the 1950s believed that if South Vietnam (which was not controlled by Ho) fell to Ho, this would mean communist expansion. This was because the American administration believed in the domino theory, i.e. once a country falls to communism, this will mean that Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, etc will start to fall to communism. In turn, the USA under Eisenhower drew a line in Vietnam to stop Ho reunification attempt. At the same time they tried to create a strong non-communist South Vietnam under the leadership of Diem.
* The Khmer Rouge tried to create a completely new society by removing everything 'old' or individual-centered, including traditions, elderly people, and family life. The attempt to industrialize the country eventually reduced it 'into a collection of forced labor
With the help of these new recruits, The Khmer Rouge defeated Lon Nol in 1975, and one of the most horrific atrocities in modern-day history was about to commence. Most people say that in regards to what occurred in Cambodia cannot be called a genocide because basically, it was Khmers killing other Khmers, not someone trying to destroy a different "national, racial, ethnical or religious group" which is how global law defines genocide. others just beg to differ. After Pol Pot took over and overthrew the government, the Khmer Rouge group subjected cambodia to a radical social reform process that was aimed to create a purely social-economic political system which combines an agrarian way of life with socialist economic policies. This was all being enforced by the khmer rouge group.
In the 1960s the population was over seven million, almost all Buddhists, under the rule of a monarch, Prince Sihanouk. In 1970 Prince Sihanouk was deposed in a military coup. The leader of the new government was lieutenant-general Lon Nol, who was made president of the 'Khmer Republic'. Prince Sihanouk and his followers joined forces with a communist guerrilla organization founded in 1960 and known as the Khmer Rouge. They attacked Lon Nol's army and civil war began.
How effective were Pol Pot’s methods in establishing control in Cambodia by 1979? The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, was a radical communist movement, which ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. In order to gain control over Cambodia and impose their ideology of Angkar, Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge formed an alliance with President Sihanouk which resulted in their successful seizure of Phnom Penh. In order to consolidate this control of Cambodia, Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge undertook a number of drastic methods, including the mass evacuation of urban areas, the establishment of communal living, and the implementation of terror tactics including torture and mass murder. The methods of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge were absolutely effective at establishing control as by 1975 they were in control of Cambodia.
However, The Cambodian Genocide which was caused by the cracks in diplomacy, the Prince had taken a side with a guerilla organization to attack the general; lead to a genocide of Asia. (Kiennan, 550) Next, both Rwanda and Darfur genocides include military power and wars, trying to get rid of minority people by forcing them immigrate out of the country. Recently, “A May 9 Defense Intelligence Agency report stated plainly that the Rwandan violence was not spontaneous but was directed by the government, with lists of victims prepared well in advance. “ (Power,
Ngo Dinh Diem and his actions had more responsibility as to why there was a growing US involvement in South East Asia. Diem seized power in South Vietnam and declarded himself as president before ruling as a dictator. Diem was a catholic who ruled in a nation where the majority were buddhists. However, this did not stop him from favouring the minority catholics and from setting up harsh policies for the buddhists. Monks began self immolating as a protest of his policies.
South Vietnamese communist to consolidate opposition to the Diem regime by forming a broad-based coalition of groups called the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) (“Ngo” 2). “By the summer of 1963, Diem’s grip on power was weakening rapidly” (“Ngo” 2). Diem’s plans to ban the Buddhist flag lead to a crisis that led to the death of civilians, monks, and Ngo Dinh Diem. “Diem’s government took a hard-line approach to all potential political rivals and, in the next seven years, became increasingly oppressive, corrupt, and nepotistic” (“Ngo” 2). Diem’s legacy that he has left for Vietnam may never be achieved or attempted because Vietnam has fallen to communism.
To the French, Vietnam was a key piece in expanding French international trade and capitalism. In 1941, Ho Chi Minh, together with other Vietnamese Communist and nationalists, created the Viet Minh. The Viet Minh was a national independence movement whose purpose was to “continue the fight against both Japan and France and to gain Vietnamese freedom” (Rotter, 2010). I think the establishment of a nationalist group which fought for the independence of the country was a means to an end, the end being a communist Vietnam. In order to achieve his political and economic ideal of the communist system, Ho needed an independent states which he could turn into a communist nation, but with the French and Japanese blocking his path to this ideal, he needed to take on a nationalist mindset before paving the way for his communist goals.
Locke believed the power of the government came from the people and if the people are not happy with government actions then they have every right to overthrow the government. Locke believed people could survive in a natural state with no government but if the people like the government it can exist to benefit them. . (Locke, Chap. 4 Pg.