Cambodian Genocide Essay

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The Cambodian Genocide To most people, Cambodia is just a country next to Vietnam, one of many in the puzzle of nations in Southeast Asia. At a glance, it is an exotic tourist destination immersed in culture, where elephants roam alongside lush jungles and ancient temples. However, concealed underneath this modern paradise is a dark and violent past, a long and disturbing history of political unrest, terror, and absolute chaos that would now be known as the Cambodian Genocide. Many political events lead to the eventual rise of the Khmer Rouge, a communist guerrilla organization that was mainly responsible for the genocide. According to the Peace Pledge Union, Cambodia used to be the ancient kingdom of Khmer, under rule of the powerful monarch, Prince Sihanouk. However, when he was overthrown by a military coup by Lon Nol, he joined forces with the Khmer Rouge, where they attacked Lon Nol’s army and government. With this plan of action, the Khmer Rouge and its leader, Pol Pot, had an influx of recruits. By 1975, the Khmer Rouge had 700,000 members. With the help of these new recruits, The Khmer Rouge defeated Lon Nol in 1975, and one of the most horrific atrocities in modern-day history was about to commence. Most people say that in regards to what occurred in Cambodia cannot be called a genocide because basically, it was Khmers killing other Khmers, not someone trying to destroy a different "national, racial, ethnical or religious group" which is how global law defines genocide. others just beg to differ. After Pol Pot took over and overthrew the government, the Khmer Rouge group subjected cambodia to a radical social reform process that was aimed to create a purely social-economic political system which combines an agrarian way of life with socialist economic policies. This was all being enforced by the khmer rouge group. It didn’t take long before the Khmer

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