Nature Aims and Method of Pol Pot

2858 Words12 Pages
How effective were Pol Pot’s methods in establishing control in Cambodia by 1979? The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, was a radical communist movement, which ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. In order to gain control over Cambodia and impose their ideology of Angkar, Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge formed an alliance with President Sihanouk which resulted in their successful seizure of Phnom Penh. In order to consolidate this control of Cambodia, Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge undertook a number of drastic methods, including the mass evacuation of urban areas, the establishment of communal living, and the implementation of terror tactics including torture and mass murder. The methods of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge were absolutely effective at establishing control as by 1975 they were in control of Cambodia. However, in the long-term, these methods were ineffective in consolidating Pol Pot’s and the Khmer Rouge’s control in Cambodia, as in 1977 they were invaded by the Vietnamese and stripped off all power. Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge were successful in gaining control of Cambodia through their alliance with Sihanouk. This method implemented by Pol Pot was highly effective in establishing his control in Cambodia, as through Cambodia’s subsequent plunge into a civil war against Lon Nol’s forces, thus began Pol Pot’s and the Khmer Rouge’s ascension to power. This alliance with Sihanouk and the formation of the National United Front, together with the Cambodian civil war which arose as a result was completely effective in establishing Pol Pot’s and the Khmer Rouge’s control over Cambodia. This is because on April 1975, Khmer Rouge forces, in their penultimate move, attacked the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, which resulted in the Cambodian government falling to the Khmer Rouge on 17 April, and thus established Pol Pot’s control by awarding him the position
Open Document