William Calley V.: USAmy During The Vietnam War

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PEOPLE William Calley, Jr. • U.S. Army lieutenant during Vietnam War • Found guilty in 1971 of murder for ordering the killing of hundreds of South Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in 1968, sentenced to life in prison • Appealed conviction and received reduced sentence; released in 1974 Bao Dai • Reigning emperor of Vietnam until 1945 • After French colonial rule ended in Vietnam in 1945, France reinstated Bao Dai as emperor but kept him powerless • Essentially a puppet of the French government • Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh forced him to surrender leadership months later Ngo Dinh Diem • President of South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963 • Staunch anti-Communist, but unpopular and paranoid leader who expelled, imprisoned,…show more content…
Nixon • Republican president elected in 1968 and 1972; resigned from office in 1974 due to Watergate scandal • Promised he would reduce U.S. troop levels in Vietnam, but force levels remained high and Nixon actually expanded the war into Laos and Cambodia • Pursued a plan he called “Vietnamization” to push the South Vietnamese army to shoulder the bulk of the fighting • In the first months of his second term, the last U.S. combat soldiers left Vietnam EVENTS 1963 Buddhist Protests • Thich Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk, set himself on fire in protest against South Vietnamese government policies, including religious intolerance • Other Buddhists followed his example in the following months • His suicide shocked and confused many Americans and created doubt in their minds about U.S. support for the South Vietnamese government 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution • Gave President Johnson the power to take any military action he deemed necessary to defend South Vietnam against the Viet Cong • Passed in response to an unconfirmed attack on the USS Maddox off the coast of Vietnam 1968 Tet Offensive • Occurred on 31 January, beginning of Vietnamese Tet…show more content…
rejected pleas for self-determination Republic of Vietnam • Formal name of South Vietnamese government after the Franco-Vietnamese War • Repressive government that stifled dissent by imprisoning or executing its critics • Fiercely anticommunist • American-supported throughout the Vietnam War Viet Cong • Ho Chi Minh-supporting guerilla fighters within South Vietnam • Did much of the fighting against American troops during war Viet Minh • Organized by Ho Chi Minh and other Vietnamese nationalists in 1941 • Seeking Vietnamese self-rule, fought a guerilla campaign against Japanese occupation; after World War II, fought French and then Americans • Its members formed the Viet Cong in the 1950s CONCEPTS Pentagon Papers • Secret documents leaked to New York Times by Daniel Ellsberg, a military analyst who had high-level security clearance at the Pentagon • Contained top-secret information collected by the Department of Defense about U.S. involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967 • Revealed that military had been much more pessimistic about situation in Vietnam than it had revealed to the public "Search and

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