* Capitalism: To make the country self-sufficient, it was turned into a giant labor camp – radical form of agrarian communism. * Religion: Buddhism, the dominant religion, was attacked in the form of suppression and killing of monks. Of 60,000 Buddhist monks only 3,000 were found alive after the Khmer Rouge reign. * Educated Elite: Doctors, teachers, engineers, and any person of a professional
With the help of these new recruits, The Khmer Rouge defeated Lon Nol in 1975, and one of the most horrific atrocities in modern-day history was about to commence. Most people say that in regards to what occurred in Cambodia cannot be called a genocide because basically, it was Khmers killing other Khmers, not someone trying to destroy a different "national, racial, ethnical or religious group" which is how global law defines genocide. others just beg to differ. After Pol Pot took over and overthrew the government, the Khmer Rouge group subjected cambodia to a radical social reform process that was aimed to create a purely social-economic political system which combines an agrarian way of life with socialist economic policies. This was all being enforced by the khmer rouge group.
With the help of these new recruits, The Khmer Rouge defeated Lon Nol in 1975, and one of the most horrific atrocities in modern-day history was about to commence. (PPU) During the genocide, the Khmer Rouge planned to reconstruct Cambodia through acts of classification and dehumanization. Once they took over the government, they aimed to turn the newly named Kampuchea into an agrarian utopia, where everyone worked towards “year zero”, a concept where all culture and traditions were completely destroyed so the Khmer Rouge could rebuild society starting from the very beginning. (Fordham University) They targeted educated people like lawyers, doctors, teachers, engineers, scientists and anybody with professions in any field were murdered. Anyone who opposed was eliminated, and these people were automatically assumed to be.
With dehumanization, the Tutsis were cockroaches to the Hutu, vermin that were less than human, and they would use the phrase “Cut down the tall trees” to commence the murdering of the Tutsis. In organization, the MNRD and Interahamwe organized the genocide with timely shipments of weapons, appropriate usage of propaganda, and c coordinated attacks against the Tutsis. With polarization, The MNRD and Interahamwe used all forms of media available to spread the Hutu power ideology. The message was clear: the Hutus were better than the Tutsis, and when the President’s plane crashed, propaganda and media were used effectively and efficiently to blame the Tutsis. In preparation, the victims were identified mainly through the identity cards that the Hutu government had previously implemented.
In 1953 Pol Pot joined the Kampuchean Peoples Revolutionary Party (KPRP) and in 1960 he and the “Paris Student Group” gained control of the party, renaming it the Workers Party of Kampuchea (WPK) and turning it away from its Vietnamese patrons. Pot was elected to the number three position is the party’s Central Committee, allowing him to build a strong faction and by 1963 become “Brother Number One”, the highest position in the party. In 1967 insurrection broke out in the west of Cambodia. It was suppressed brutally, but not completely and spread. By the end of 1968, unrest was reported in 11 of the country’s 18 provinces and by the end of the decade the Khmer Rogue completely controlled the mountainous regions on the border of Vietnam.
In all of the cases, there is always a person (either the president/ the head of the government or the general) or a group triggering others without knowing the dreadful outcomes and pushing them to the end where they murder one another. Referring back to the three things that have an essential role in leading the wars, all of them can be connected to the genocides given as examples in the text. Again, these three subjects include: diplomacy, democracy and military. First of all, diplomacy as defined in the dictionary is the “Art of conducting relationships for gain without conflict”. However, The Cambodian Genocide which was caused by the cracks in diplomacy, the Prince had taken a side with a guerilla organization to attack the general; lead to a genocide of Asia.
After an initial wave of conquistadors, Spain advantages was that the military had aided and infected diseases that decimated the native populations and defeated the pre-Columbian civilizations of the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. Spain organized a huge imperial system to exploit the land, labor, and mineral wealth of the New World. Their disadvantage was that when they were conquering Maya, because of the Yucatan jungle, their metal weapons would rust. Spain treated the Native American very badly like they were animals. For example, altogether, they execute a large group of people such as the Natives in Cuba, Dominica, and Mexico, and those who weren’t in the massacre was turned into slaves; and those whoever refused to convert to Christianity.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre The Tiananmen Square Massacre occurred as a result of the government attacking innocent citizens to ensure control and undisputed power. As a result, thousands of people died along with the hope of China. The government looks at it like it never happened, and whoever brings up this incident, receives cruel punishment. On May 15, a Soviet leader named Mikhail S. Gorbachev went to Beijing, China. When he led, he had relaxed limits on free speech and opened up the Soviet political system to democratic reforms.
This civil war finally ended in July when the RPF took control of Kigali the capital of Rwanda. The RPF declared a suspension of hostilities once the government caved in. As soon as the Hutu citizens got word that RPF has won the war over 2 million Hutus left Rwanda (United Human Rights “United Human Rights Council”). The government of Rwanda is now run by Tutsis and they continue to try to kill the Hutus to prevent another genocide on them. Even the world’s biggest peacekeeping force cannot stop the battling between the two ethnic groups to this day.