Wilson believed the treaty of Versailles should punish Germany but not so harshly that it would someday recover and seek revenge. However Wilson’s main aims were portrayed> through his fourteen points. But perhaps his main goal for post war Europe was to strengthen democracy in Germany so the citizens would not let its leaders cause another war. France suffered enormous damage in WW1. When the war ended the general population of France wanted revenge on Germany.
In source 3, Watkins develops this point further by commenting that ‘Britain would not survive the peace with the kind of government it has possessed before the war’. This clearly shows how people realised the Conservatives were not a suitable government maintaining peace in Britain after the war. The view of the Conservatives unpopularity is further supported by Source 1 as despite it being written by an up-and-coming Conservative, his account of the election was witnessed first-hand so may have some weight to historians. Similarly with Source 2, Attlee was
(Document 6) As written in The Origins of the Second World War, by A.J.P. Taylor, if more countries kept getting involved with the issue of the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia would have been safe. Taylor also thought that German people were the only ones in the world who can “turn Hitler out” This was to be thought because the Germans were the ones who put him into power in the first place. “The appeasers” feared that the loss of Germany would result in the domination of Europe” (Doc
Despite this, the German army established a reluctant acceptance of the democracy through the Ebert-Groener Pact of 1919. This pact was an agreement between President Freidrich Ebert and the General of the Army, General Groener, in which the army would support the democracy from any threat, particularly that of the left. However, despite a strong opposition to the left, the army was reluctant to fight any threats from the right-wing, evidence of this being during the Kapp Putsch of 1920 where the army’s lack of support forced the government to flee Berlin. This therefore shows the strong impact of conservative elites on German politics during 1918-1934. It was the strength of the army that other conservative
A third reason why the Nazis’ ideology was anti-Communist was because the Nazi party wanted to win votes. If the Nazi ideology was anti-Communist and strongly nationalist then they would win votes. After the weakening impact of the war nationalistic ideas would be strong amongst the German population. The public considered Communism as ‘anti-German’ and believed it would fail to provide the strong government Germany needed and so promoting an anti-Communist view would have gained support for Nazism. On balance, Nazi ideology
The Nazis felt like this political group was trying to undermine their “people’s community”. Hitler made it very clear that he did not want the communists in his people community when he and the Nazi party realised their 25 point programme of 1920.However the Nazis also portrayed the socialist and any other party of which had taken part in coalition governments during the Weimar republic as they collaborated with communism and Jewish democracy. Hitler wanted to introduce the policy of volksgeminschaft in this case because if he could eliminate the communists and the other parties who were associated as collaborating with them, the Nazis could then get their votes as they had a high amount of supporters, which would mean them having the majority and coming into power. Anybody who the Nazis believed that represented a threat to the racial purity of which Hitler wanted would come under the socialism categories. This included, Jews, gypsies and those who were seen as mentally or physically unfit.
Growth of support for facism was a reason for Mussolinis appointment as Prime Minister,however there were many other reasons for Mussolinis appointment as PM, but growth of support was very important for him. The war and the mutilated victory, had an affect on Mussolinis appointment as PM. The main reason wad that the nationalists were bitterly disappointed that italy didn’t make any gains during the war. The nationalists claimed that Italy had been betrayed by the Liberal government, this shows that the nationalists might have wanted to overthrow the Liberal government and therefore supported Mussolini before he was appointed. This links into the title point that Mussolini had a wide support base and that it was growing.
As well as the Depression, the collapse of the Republic can be linked to a large number of factors, including the influence of the army, political instability and constitutional weaknesses. One of the most consequential outcomes of the Depression was the opportunity that it provided Hitler. A majority of the citizens lost faith and belief in the current Social Democratic government, turning instead to the confident and dynamic leader of Hitler. As Evans asserts, ‘citizens began to see in the youthful dynamism of the Nazi Party as a way out of the situation’. What Evans means by this is that the desperation of the people led them to polarising their votes and seeing radical leaders like Hitler as a solution to the mess that Germany had become.
The Berlin blockade and airlift was more to blame than the Marshall plan for increasing cold war tension In this essay I shall explain why Berlin blockade contributed most to the changed relations, but also how the Marshall plan was important. The Marshall plan was created by George Marshall so that Trueman would keep his promise to contain communism. The Marshall plan gave 17 billion dollars to countries who were still recovering from WW1. This created tension because Western Europe could become more prosperous. This angered Stalin as he did not want West Germany to recover and be given Marshall Aid.
Although they agreed to work for democracy, but they have different interpretation of democratic. USSR believe democratic government should be a communist one, as communists truly represent the people; but USA think it should involve different political parties competing to win people's support in free election. Disagreement had change their relations. The success of this conference were mainly based on Stalin's relation with Roosevelt, but the situation in the next conference change when Roosevelt died and Truman became the new USA president. Their relations were worsen during Potsdam conference.