Conservative Elites Essay

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Assess the impact of conservative parties and elites on German politics in the period 1918-1934. Conservative parties and elites had a significant impact on German politics in the period 1918-1939. From the establishment of the Weimar Republic to the beginning of Nazi power, conservative parties and elites have had a strong influence on German politics. These conservative parties and elites were primarily right-wing nationalists, who either just tolerated or rejected the idea of democracy. However despite this, these conservative elites had both positive and negative impacts on German politics. Conservative parties included DNVP (German National People’s Party), DVP (German Conservative Party) and the Nazi Party, and the conservative elites included the judiciary, the army, the education system, the bureaucracy, industry, the police and agriculture. Conservative elites had a major impact on German politics in the period 1918-1934. The establishment of a Democracy was at best tolerated by conservative elites of Germany who had always blamed the democracy for the loss of war and the Treaty of Versailles in what became known as the “stab in the back” legend. Despite this, the German army established a reluctant acceptance of the democracy through the Ebert-Groener Pact of 1919. This pact was an agreement between President Freidrich Ebert and the General of the Army, General Groener, in which the army would support the democracy from any threat, particularly that of the left. However, despite a strong opposition to the left, the army was reluctant to fight any threats from the right-wing, evidence of this being during the Kapp Putsch of 1920 where the army’s lack of support forced the government to flee Berlin. This therefore shows the strong impact of conservative elites on German politics during 1918-1934. It was the strength of the army that other conservative
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