Whilst there are operating guidelines within which the president must follow, mainly the joint co-ordination and approval of Congress, to construct and enact (Hastedt, p169, 2009) these policies, going to war being the most significant, there are a number of tactics to overcome constitutional restraint. These tactics legally permit the same course of action as heavily censored bills and acts of government but with only the president’s authority necessary for implementation. Executive Agreements carry the weight of a Senate-approved treaty but require only presidential approval. The president can bypass the need for Senate approval and its subsequent influence on policy by appointing Informal Ambassadors to negotiate the same Senatorial tasks. A president can instigate or participate in an Undeclared War by citing the need for humanitarian action.
They created branches so they can all have control. Another way of creating equal power is a system of checks and balances. The three branches of government each have a way to limit the others powers. The President can check the Legislative Branch by vetoing a law. This means the President can reject a law.
Political parties are a large part of the government. Even they are not supposed to, they basically control the government. Nominations and campaigns utilize a lot of time, energy, and money. Lastly, elections and voting behavior are the final step for one to obtain presidency. Political parties are a big part of the government.
Many people have argued about the most important principals of the constitution, and many have expresses their viewpoints. I believe the three most important Principals of the constitution are Separation of powers, Checks and balances, and Popular Sovereignty. The first Principle we will look at is Separation of powers. What this principle means is that each different branch of the government has different responsibilities; this system is put into effect so to prevent one branch to become to powerful over the other. I believe that this principal of the Constitution is very important because without this put into effect the senate of the president could become much too powerful and overthrow the whole government and we would be in a dictatorship or we would be in a direct democracy or some other form of government.
Article III of the US Constitution establishes the judiciary branch - the Supreme Court. Although the US Constitution includes democratic principles such as checks and balances and the separation of powers to ensure the equal balance of power amongst the government branches, the legislative branch was designed to be most powerful. The organization and qualifications of Congress also contribute to the democratic shortcomings of the US Constitution. One of the biggest of these government decisions is electing the president, for which the system of the electoral college is in place. The US Constitution did not abolish slavery, and an interesting guarantee regarding slavery was included in Article IV of the Constitution.
In this essay, we will consider the performance of UK Parliament in 3 main functions: making laws, representation and controlling the Executive. The name “legislature” suggests that Parliament has something to do with making law. Although this is not the primary function, but still, undoubtedly appropriate as most laws certainly have to get the assent from both Houses ( the Lords and the Commons ) and Parliament can amend or defeat any law easily. Debates on bills constitute about 40% of the time spent on the floor of the Houses and in theory give backbenchers-people who support the government or the opposition, opportunity to infuence the shape of legislation with their speech. Along with the rising number of back-bench rebellions and MPs defeating government’s proposals such as the Syria war in 2011, it can be seen that Parliament is performing well in making laws.
The House of Representatives originates and spends bills. The Senate impeaches officials and approves treaties. The soul duty of the Legislative Branch is to make Laws. “Under the Constitution, Congress has legislative authority, but that power is partly shared with other branches and thus checked by them” (Patterson 51). This describes that the legislative branch does not have power over any other branch of government; there is checks and balances always occurring throughtout the government.”Within Cogress, there is a further check on legislative power: for legislation to passed, a majority in each chamber of Congress is required” (Patterson 51).
When there is a conflict the judicial branch is the branch that is going to decide how to deal with it. Out of the three branches of government the legislative branch is the most powerful branch in the United States. The legislative branch is the most powerful branch in the United States government. They are the branch that makes and passes laws. The power to override a president’s decision is also in the legislative branch’s hands.
The Legislative Branch The Legislative branch, also referred to as Congress, is considered by many to be the most powerful branch of the United States government. Out of the three branches, Judicial, Legislative, and Executive, the Legislative branch can change laws that have already been passed while also being able to introduce new ones. Article I, Sections I, IV, and V of the United States Constitution state and explain the powers invested in the Legislative branch and how it is split between the House of Representatives and the Senate (“The Constitution of the United States”). Although the three branches of the government were created with a system of checks and balances intended to make sure one branch did not become too powerful, the Legislative branch has the most control over government affairs through its ability to override presidential vetoes, impeach federal judges, and the influence it has on the citizens of the United States. One way in which the Legislative branch is more powerful than the Executive branch is through its ability to override a presidential veto.
The constitution is certainly one of the most significant parts of the political system in the USA and a key feature of the constitution is the checks and balances between the three branches of power: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The checks and balances system has been argued to be ineffective which can be seen for a variety of reasons; there is an argument to be made that certain branches have overextended their intended powers, it can also be argued to restrict the government’s power far too much and that it allows the tyranny of the majority. However, it certainly is argued that the US system of checks and balances are very effective mainly due to the following reasons; it can be seen to strike the right balance between flexibility to maintain an effective government and the limiting of power and is able to effectively limit government. One argument that the system of checks and balances are ultimately ineffective is that certain branches powers can be seen to be overextended past their intended powers. This view is ultimately a right wing argument; this is because that the right want a small government which would be ensured by strong checks and balance which promoted gridlock which is against the idea of certain branches being overextended as overextended powers lead to less gridlock which leads to larger government making this issue a right wing one.