Kira Kolb Period 1 The United States constitution separates the power to rule between the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of the national government. These branches are made up of the president, congress, and the Supreme Court. A system of checks and balances is maintained by the constitution to stop one branch from controlling the other two. The system of checks and balances can work in many ways. As shown in Document three, congress can pass a law and if the president doesn’t agree with this law then he can veto it.
The executive branch can nominate judges for the Supreme Court and can veto laws the Congress create. The judicial branch can declare presidential acts unconstitutional and declare laws unconstitutional. The legislative branch can override the President’s veto and confirms the judges the President
The Virginia Plan was designed to make sure that neither the majority nor minority would take over and use the government to its advantage. In order to do this, Madison proposed separation of powers among the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. Each branch would require the approval of another branch – thus creating a system of check and balances. For example, the president can nominate judges, yet the Senate confirms the president’s nominations. Also the Congress in the legislative branch can pass laws over the president’s veto and even impeach the president and remove him from office.
They succeeded in a provision allowing state legislatures to elect the members of the Senate. They wanted all the power to be among themselves and not in a mass electorate consisting of individual voters. It is up to the Electoral College to make the final decision on who can be our next president. During the election for Senators, we don’t take it as serious as we would for the election of our president. Who we vote for has the fate of our next president in their hands.
Executive branch – approves and veto’s all bills or laws (over legislative), selects the federal judges (Judicial) Legislative branch – creates the laws / bills and can override president’s veto with 2/3 vote (executive), Approves the federal judges (judicial) Judicial branch – interprets the laws and can deem them unconstitutional (which means they are no longer valid) (legislative), Presides over presidential impeachments (executive) 11. Who are the leaders of the executive branch? (Know their titles) President Obama (Federal), Governor Rick Perry (State) Vice President Joe Biden (Federal), Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst (State) 12. Who are the leaders of the legislative branch? (Know their titles) Speaker of the U.S. House, John Boehner (Federal), Speaker of the Texas House Joe Straus, (State) President of the U.S. Senate, Joe Biden (Federal) President of the Texas Senate, David Dewhurst
The President may veto laws passed by Congress, but Congress by a two-thirds vote of the House and the Senate, can reject the veto. The President shall appoint judges and officials of the United States, subject to Senate approval. The President can be removed from office by the Senate under certain circumstances. The Supreme Court shall consist of persons appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate. The Supreme Court can try both civil and criminal cases.
Examples of these include Roosevelt who died in 1945 and J.F. Kennedy who was famously assassinated in 1963. The final circumstance is if a President is impeached. A president can only be impeached for ‘high crimes and misdemeanours’. An enquiry is firstly taken in the House and then if leads to a majority vote then they are trialled before the Senate.
2. The 11th amendment protects states from lawsuits from other people from out of state and from foreign land. They use it now to strike down on federal laws thought to be used to overstep state power. 3. In the 12th amendment the problem that was fixed with the Electoral College was that the president and vice president were voted for on separate ballots.
Even when the high court rules a law unconstitutional, Congress can sometimes over ride that decision. Along with the judicial branch, the executive branch does not reign as the strongest. Although the President contains a large amount of power, no matter what, Congress can override any of his decisions or vetoes. When the president strikes down a law, Congress can decide to keep pushing the law through without caring what the President thinks. The president’s power is completely controlled by a different branch of
The president is elected by electors based on the states number of senators and representatives and the majority of the votes be needed to elect the president. 3. The President can be removed from office on impeachment proceeding for and for the conviction of treason, bribery, and other high crimes. 4. The duties of the President include being the commander in chief of the military, the president may negotiate treaties and nominate Federal officials, he may fill vacancies during Senate recess, and he has the power to execute laws.