M***ie Mc***n Mrs. Co**erd English 8 May 2014 The Fight for Women’s Suffrage: 1848-1920 Many women take their freedoms for granted. When they vote, they do not think of how they are allowed to vote, when they get to speak up for anything they feel vehemently about, they do not consider why they are granted to speak ,and when they earn their incomes, they do not reflect on who gave them this privilege. The men and women who made all of these things possible established the preliminaries for coming women to pursue out a life of freedom. Life for women before suffrage was purely unfair. Women were not granted many freedoms that men held.
This strongly represents the cultural and societal views of the time because they believed being a housewife was their "sole responsibility". Katherine, the teacher, was criticized and gossiped about because she was older than thirty and not married. My own grandmother, who was about the same age in the 1950's as the students in the film, in fact graduated with honors and a Bachelor's degree in Sociology. However, shortly after, she married, started a family, and did not pursue a career. She has never expressed regret for her decision, but it is a real life example of what society expected of women during that time period.
With women not being allowed to receive degrees or attend college, it made it very difficult for women to get jobs. Towards the middle of the 19th century, it was nearly impossible for women to become doctors, architects, engineers, accountants or bankers. Women could become teachers, but teaching was a low-status job and had horrible pay. Women could also be secretaries or nurses but being a teacher was the only socially acceptable profession for women in the 19th century. After a long fight by women, the government finally allowed them to become doctors.
During the 1950s, Australia’s attitude towards feminism was still quite negative. World War 2 had recently ended and although women contributed to the war effort, they were still expected to return home as housewives. Opportunities for women to be well educated and find success in high level jobs such as becoming a lawyer or a doctor were unlikely, as there was little point in continuing onto further tertiary studies because they would only go on to marry and have children and no longer contribute to the workforce. Staying true to one’s self in the 1950s was extremely difficult, especially if you were a female because society was constantly trying to mould you into something else. Australia’s expectations in the 1950s were that women should get married in their early twenties and devote themselves to the task of looking after the needs of their husband and children.
Women had no right to vote; they had no right to own property; could not engage in any legal transactions themselves; had no authority over their children; and had no right to initiate a divorce. Women once married became a feme covert who was stripped of all legal rights and were viewed as subordinate to men under English law. Berkin in, First Generations, provides evidence supporting this philosophy in her account of Daniel Ela who argued his wife “was his servant and his slave.” Nevertheless, women evolved beyond the traditional female helpmeet role and became an invisible force that actively shaped the economy of 18th century colonial America. Female colonists from across the social spectrum became knowledgeable entrepreneurs, producers, and consumers who were central elements in the development of early American commerce. Retail trade was the most common male dominated occupation that was open to females in seventeenth and eighteenth century America.
Along with its achievements however, many of the aims were rejected by the National Assembly. There wasn't equal opportunities for women-in both employment and right to claim land; they had no right to vote; and lastly, they weren’t allowed to create a National Assembly of women. After France’s Declaration of War on Austria on April of 1791, the society was plunged into deeper economic crises- with inflation rages on food, and assignats losing its value. As a result, people- particularly, women- petitioned for direct action to the government for the sake of their families and the new society. By 1792, allied with
Along with being forbidden to have the right to be educated, the women were also not allowed to have a job. With woman not having a job and making a earning, many schools started to shut down due to the fact that teachers were mainly females. As for the boys that are permitted to go to school are getting the minimum education. The Middle East is the most populated area with the lowest literacy rate in woman. Women are forbidden to have a full citizenship, making them less important and countable in the area.
They were also anticipated to marry into a good family with money, most likely arranged ahead of time by the parents. Upper class women were forbidden from work and were strictly protected by their spouse. Middle class women in the same region during the same period were frequently housewives with no probable education. They were often the wives of mill operators and merchants. Depending on the lower or upper level of the middle class, women were able to be work as school mistresses, or not work at all and only take care of the house.
Women’s restriction in the workforce was also because of their forced dependency on men and poor socio-economic status of women. Women were seen to have no intelligence; their higher education was not seen as needed. Only those women who had higher social standings and wealth had a right to higher education. Along with Christian woman’s lack of higher of education, they were highly subordinate to men, meaning their father, brothers, and husband. They were not a loud to own land and also had to pass on their inheritance to their husband.
During her time the social status and women’s creativity were not appreciated. Women did not have enough resources to become a writer which resulted in the few great women writer during her period. Because there was lack of resources and due to their materialistic circumstances, it limited the women’s lives and achievements. Because women were not educated and were not allowed to do anything such as control wealth, they necessarily led lives that were less publicly significant than those of men. These led to women’s inferior social status in the society.