The Renaissance was a time of great innovation in the world of creativity and education. Many of history’s finest works have come from the Renaissance, whether it was a piece of literature, a work of art or an invention. After the Middle Ages, a period in time when the Church ruled not only opinion but even aspects such as art, people started looking for more meaning in life and not just what happened after death. This secular thinking, which focused more on mankind as opposed to God, was known as humanism. Inspired by the Ancient Greek thinkers and encouraging new ways of thinking and creating, letting artists and inventors push their boundaries, humanism supported education in science and astrology, mathematics and languages.
Bramante and Aesthetics of High Renaissance ART 101: Art Appreciation Deborah Duff February 28, 2011 Donato d’Angelo Bramante, an Italian painter and architect, “introduced the Early Renaissance style to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St. Peter’s Basilica.”(biographybase.com) In this paper, I will assess the importance of Bramante’s architecture and evaluate how his architecture represents the attitudes and aesthetics of the High Renaissance with examples of his greatest works. Bramante’s architectural style, based on ancient Roman models, was consistent with the humanistic values of the day. (Kleiner, 2010) One of the examples of this would have to be the Tempietto that is overlooking the Vatican in which King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella commissioned to indicate the very spot in which Saint Peter was crucified. When you examine the Tempietto, you see that “Bramante achieved a truly wonderful balance and harmony in the relationship of the parts (dome, drum, and base) to one another and to the whole.” (Kleiner, 2010, pg. 476, para.
Northern European artists produced art through tapestries, manuscripts, and furniture. This type of art was needed because the wealthy had many homes and they needed decorations and furniture for their homes. Italian and Northern European Renaissance generated Literature related to humanity and individuals. The Italians studied the knowledge of how man determined how to be a respectable individual. Northern European Literature focused more on the Catholic Church and how to reform the Church’s humanity.
Art was a crucial aspect of expressing Renaissance ideas. Italian sculptors, painters, and architects in particular did a fantastic job of communicating Renaissance concepts in their artwork. Three of the most central humanistic beliefs during this period of time were the appreciation of the individual, the emphasis on the real rather than the abstract, and the imitation of past civilizations. The sculpture “David”, by Italian artist Michelangelo, is an excellent example of the humanistic emphasis on appreciating the individual and dignifying the human kind. Michelangelo depicts David as a strong, godlike figure, emphasizing the size of his hands and feet.
This adds to the feeling that there is more to the seen that even what the artist has sculpted. The sculpture of Donatello’s David from the early renaissance period however was somewhat different. Donatello drew influence from multiple sources, Greek and Roman statuary mix with his own style for a unique take on the subject David. Although sculpted in classic contrapposto as we would likely
This helps to reach a better understanding of why Hellenization actually occurred in Rome. As Rome was in the midst of a changing republic it looked on new ways to express ones power and wealth. They looked to the Greeks and saw the beautiful temples and structures being built by the wealthy and successful in battle, thus the romans began to use architecture as the Greeks did. Octavius was the first roman to Hellenize Rome with his porticus and therefore was the start to a new era in roman architecture. The reason the Porticus Octavia is relied on so much to describe the Hellenization is due to how similarly Octavius modeled after the Greeks.
It’s made around 1498 to 1500 and the style is Renaissance. The style is Renaissance is because the figure of the sculptor is more close to the man kinds and the anatomy structure is more close to the reality. The art is from Italy. It’s made from marble. The subject is from the passion of Christ and the cycles of the life of Christ.
This rebirthing period brought forward a new culture of humanistic values of Christianity, new ideas in science, philosophy, and politics as well as in literature and the fine arts. This was also a time of hierarchy, whereas, the social status of your parents deemed your place in society. In this Renaissance period of history, we find such great painting artist such as Leonardo Da Vinci, known for his painting of “The Last Supper” and the “Mona Lisa.” His work has demonstrated distinction and precision of the humanistic side of the characters in his paintings. It has great definition in the details of emotion and expression, included in the facial features, attire and surroundings. He captures the realism in both paintings.
Here they knelt and swept the temple-floors with their disheveled hair and lifted up their hands to heaven in piteous entreaty to the gods that they would deliver the City of Rome out of the hands of the enemy.” Over the Hannibal Barca challenged the authority of the Roman Army more than anyone in all of history. There were several key factors that made Hannibal such a great general for Carthage, and subsequently such a difficult adversary for the Roman Army. To start, Hannibal was a tactical genius, and is sometimes even referred to as the “Father of Strategy” . In addition to tactical and strategic brilliance, once he had crossed the Alps Hannibal demonstrated the ability to rally much needed support and troops from different peoples inside of Italy. Finally, Hannibal was an amazing general who was able to masterfully organize, govern and lead a completely heterogeneous army, comprised of Africans, Spaniards, Celtic tribesmen, Gauls and mercenaries, and unite them in their collective fight against Rome.
Different theories include the political structure of Florence, the patronage of its most dominant family, the Medici, and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. When examining two different pieces of art, the obvious major differences are seen first. In this case, it would be Michelangelo’s David, which was sculpted in the nude, whereas Bernini’s David is clothed. This is quite distinctive of the Renaissance period. In that time frame, artists such as Michelangelo focused more on the art of the body than say, Bernini (who was one of the more important artists of the